Add image not providing north arrow directory in QGIS?

Add image not providing north arrow directory in QGIS?

I'm still using QGIS Brighton to finish a map in Composer and would like to add a north arrow to it. In previous versions I added the arrow as an image, but when I click on 'add image' and click on the map I only see a cross where the cursor would be. The command history doesn't change and no directory appears from which I can choose and customise an image.

How do I access the image directory?

When you choose "add image" you have to drag the cursor and you will get something like pic.1. Then, to the right side there is search directories you click on it and waiting to open an then you can choose your symbol pic.2.

I was having this problem too but have figured it out -- I know this is an old thread, but since the question might come up in searches for people with current problems (it came up in mine), I'll say how I fixed it.

If using MiKTeX, even if your figure file is in the same directory as the TeX file you're working with, you have to refresh the file name database every time you add files into this folder. So do this:

  1. open MiKTeX Settings / Options
  2. Roots tab: check that the folder with the files in it is one of the Root paths
  3. General tab: Maintenance: Refresh

Its not important that the image file is in the same directory of the tex file. It should be in the working directory where you launch the pdflatex command.

the PDF file should be in the

/bar directory rather than the

Use the command graphicspath to set a different path.

added: this is what happens when you run pdflatex from a command line. If you are using an integrated editor, you should dig into the options to see how the editor chooses the working directory into which to run the pdflatex command. I think that usually the working directory will be choosen as to be the directory containing the main source file.

4.2. Photoshop 4

Photoshop 4 is still in wide use and has a slightly different feature set from version 5, so we'll look at it in some detail, too. It supports the same basic PNG feature set the newer version does: colormapped, grayscale, RGB, and RGBA PNGs at sample depths of 8 bits or less, optionally interlaced, with no palette transparency or text support. Like PS5, it too has a gamma-related quirk, though not as severe. I'll discuss it in a moment.

In the Channels palette, click on the arrow at the upper right and select New Channel. , which pops up a dialog box.

In the Name: entry field, give the new channel a name (for example, Alpha) and click the OK button the other fields affect only how the alpha channel is displayed, not the actual image data, and can be left with their default values.

In the Channels palette again, leave the alpha channel as the selected one, but make the original RGB or grayscale channel visible by clicking on the small box to its left (an eyeball icon will appear in the box). The main image will now be visible under a 50% red ``haze'' that represents the alpha channel, assuming the default options in the previous step's dialog box were left unchanged.

Double-click on the Lasso tool (left side of tool palette, second from top).

In the Lasso Options tab of the tool palette, set the Feather radius to some value, perhaps 13.

Draw a loop around the face of the subject, but do not invert the selection.

Erase everything outside the loop via EditClear a soft-edged hole will appear in the red overlay, indicating that everything but the face of the subject is masked out.

Once the alpha channel is created, the whole image may be saved as a 16-bit gray+alpha or 32-bit RGBA PNG just as in Photoshop 5:

Choose FileSave a Copy. , which pops up the usual file dialog box.

Pick an appropriate directory and filename for the image, choose PNG as the format, and make certain the Don't include alpha channels checkbox is not checked.

Click the OK button, which triggers yet another dialog box.

Optionally create an interlaced PNG by selecting Adam7 as the interlacing type, and make sure the filter type is Adaptive for grayscale or truecolor images.

Click the OK button.

If transparency is desired only as an aid in creating the image, not as part of the actual file data, go to the Layer menu and select Flatten Image before saving.

The information can either be entered explicitly, by providing values for the display system's ``gamma'' value, white point, and phosphor types (see Chapter 10, "Gamma Correction and Precision Color" for a more detailed explanation of these terms), or it can be done implicitly, by selecting a monitor type from a list of calibrated models. The implicit approach may not work exactly as intended, however the default gamma value seems to be 1.8, whereas almost all PC display systems are closer to 2.2. Either way, there is one more setting, and this is where the caveat I mentioned earlier comes in. For the Ambient Light setting, only the Medium value will cause Photoshop to save correct gamma information in the PNG file. The High setting will result in a PNG gamma value that is too small by a factor of two,[26] while the Low setting results in a value that is 50% too large. Of course, this is still preferable to the case with Photoshop 5.0 at least Photoshop 4.0 has one setting that works correctly.

In other respects, Photoshop 4 is no different from version 5. It lacks support for text annotations, 16-bit samples, low-bit-depth samples and palette transparency, and its compression settings and interface are identical--that is, mediocre at best.

Graphics [ edit | edit source ]

How can I share data between callback functions in my GUI(s)? [ edit | edit source ]

Unlike custom functions that you write, the callback functions take the predetermined input variables (hObject, eventdata, handles) so it's not clear how you can pass in other variables that you need to. There are several techniques you can use to share data between callback functions in your GUI. Which approach is easiest depends on whether you are creating your GUI using GUIDE to design the layout (GUIDE-based GUIs) or whether you are calling FIGURE, AXES, UICONTROL, etc. directly (programmatic GUIs.)

  • Using the handles structure. You can dynamically add on new members to the handles structure that contain your variables that you want to pass in. Unlike global variables, which expose the variables only where you put the global statement, attaching to the handles structure and passing handles will share allthe variables you have attached to the handles structure. This could expose variables to your function that you did not need or want exposed. Since variables passed in to MATLAB functions are "pass by value" and not "pass by reference" if you change any of the variables, you are only changing the local copy. If you change any of the variables attached as members of the handle structure, and you want to retain these changed values in the calling function, you will have to return the handles structure as an output of your function, and accept it in your calling function, or else use the guidata() function. Otherwise changes you make to the handles structure variables are only local and will not survive once the function has returned.
  • Creating your callback functions as nestedfunctions inside the main GUI function. The function must be truly nested with the main function's "end" statement and not merely listed as another separate, independent function just defined in the m-file. (There is a difference.)
  • Storing data in a property [often the UserData property] of a component in the GUI and retrieving it when needed. For example
  • Storing data in the application workspace using the SETAPPDATA and GETAPPDATA functions.
  • Declaring the variable(s) global. For example, if you have this inside a function:

then any other function that also has the "global myVariable" declaration in it will be able to see the variable called "myVariable".  Functions that do not have the "global myVariable" line in them will not be able to see the variable.  So it's actually more like a "friend" variable (if you're familiar with C++ programming) than a truly global variable because not every function or workspace sees it.  The "myVariable" variable will not be seen in the "base" workspace - it will be seen only inside functions with the "global myVariable" declaration in them.

  • Writing the data out to a file, such as a mat file with the save function, and then having the called function read in that mat file.
  • Use the assignin() function.

Sharing between multiple GUIs. If the "main" GUI calls other GUIs, then the best way to do it is by passing variables in via the input argument list, and accepting output variables via the output argument list. The output argument of GUI2 can then be sent into GUI3. So someplace in GUI1 (like the callback function of the "Go!" button of GUI1), you'd have this

or something along those lines. The arguments can be extracted out of the varargin cell array of your opening code for the GUI, for example in the GUI's "OpeningFcn" function if you used GUIDE. Once they are in your opening function, then they can be shared amongst the other functions in the GUI with the methods mentioned earlier in this section. This method will not let GUI1 control GUI2 and GUI3's parameters "live" - they can be changed only when calling the GUIs. To have GUI1 control GUI2 when GUI2 is already running, you can use the assignin() function.

This answer from Geoff Hayes in the Answers forum may also help you in the multiple GUI situation: [3]

Official Documentation. The documentation contains instructions for using these techniques to share data between callbacks in these Mathworks web pages:

How do I shade the region between two curves? [ edit | edit source ]

To shade between an upper and lower curve, you can use the patch() function. Here is an example::

It can be modified to shade

  1. only the region between y1 and y2 if y1 is higher than y2, or
  2. only the region between y1 and y2 only if y2 is higher, or to
  3. shade the region below either curve and the x axis,

or however you want to do it.

How do I create a circle? [ edit | edit source ]

To create a 2D logical image of a solid circle (a disc), you can use code like this:

It can be extended to handle ellipses by putting in factors inside the sqrt() in the obvious places. If you want, this circle mask can be used to assign image values either inside or outside the circle to a new gray level:

If you would like the circle to be only a single pixel wide circumference in the digital image, rather than a solid disc, then you can use this code:

If you want to plot a circle, you can use the rectangle() function:

Newer versions of the Image Processing Toolbox have the viscircles() function for plotting multiple circles simultaneously in the overlay above the digital image.

Or, if you want a list of x and y coordinates of the perimeter of the circle, or of an arc, you can do this:

Note that it will be a circle according to the tick marks on the axes, but whether it appears perfectly circular on your computer monitor depends on your video adapter settings, and whether you use, or don't use, the 'square' and 'equal' options for the axis command. The above code can also be used to create an arc - a portion of a circle. Just change the line that assigns theta to start and stop at the desired angles of the arc.

If you want this to be in the overlay of an existing plot or image, issue the "hold on" command prior to issuing the rectangle command, or else the circle will destroy the existing plot or image.

The use of meshgrid (or ndgrid) can be easily extended to 3D to create a logical mask for a sphere.

How do I create an arc? [ edit | edit source ]

Creating an arc is very similar to creating a circle. Simply specify a starting and ending angle for theta.

How do I create an ellipse? [ edit | edit source ]

The code is very similar to the code to create a circle from above.

Or you can create an ellipse in the overlay of a plot or image:

How do I create a ring? [ edit | edit source ]

The code is very similar to the code to create a circle from above - just specify an inner and outer radius.

How do I create a spiral? [ edit | edit source ]

The code is very similar to the code to create a circle from above - just specify an inner and outer angle, and an inner and outer radius that changes for each angle. The ending angle can be as high as you want. The larger it is, the more times the spiral will wrap around the center.

How do I create a set of random locations within a circle? [ edit | edit source ]

To create a set of (x,y) coordinates within the perimeter of a solid circle (a disc), you can use code like this from Roger Stafford in his Answers posting:

How do I create a set of random locations on the surface of a sphere? [ edit | edit source ]

To create a set of (x, y, z) coordinates uniformly and randomly distributed over the surface of a hollow sphere (a round shell), you can use code like this from Roger Stafford in his Answers Forum posting [4]

How do I adjust the font size of a tick label? [ edit | edit source ]

The ticklabel gets its properties from the axis to which it is attached. So set(gca, 'fontsize', 14) should do the trick. Type get(gca) to see what else you can set.  

Can I create a pi/sigma/superscript in my ticklabels? [ edit | edit source ]

Not directly. MATLAB does not interpret TeX strings in ticklabels. You can play games with placing text by hand. See the MathWorks solution for some ideas of how to work around this.

There are also some free third-party software packages you can use to accomplish this. One community-generated solution in the MATLAB File Exchange is Format Tick Labels ( as an example. It will replace axes tick labels with formatted text objects that can include both Tex and LaTex interpreted strings.

Doug Schwarz has written a Styled Text Toolbox that does this. It is freely available at:

At least from 2014 this is supported via MATLAB. See here: Change Axis Tick Values and Labels

Can I open multiple files using uigetfile? [ edit | edit source ]

As of MATLAB 7.0 (R14), you can use the 'MultiSelect' parameter with UIGETFILE to allow the selection of multiple files. If you are using a version of MATLAB prior to version 7.0, you can use the `uigetfiles.dll' submission on the MATLAB Central File Exchange to do this on a Windows platform. This file is located here (  

I want to use a scrollbar to scroll my edit boxes/buttons [ edit | edit source ]

Sorry, there's no easy solution. MATLAB does not support hierarchical figures, so you can't have a container control holding your controls. If you really need this you'll have to create your own, using the callbacks from the scrollbar to modify the position properties of your controls.

What I would do is to add 2 pushbuttons to the figure: one at the top right and another at the bottom right and use these buttons to control the vertical scroll of the content of the figure. (surely you can add another 2 horizontal pushbuttons, lower left and lower right).

Whenever any of these buttons is pressed, you loop over all the controls except the two pushbuttons, and increment/decrement the vertical/horizontal postition value of each control. Something like this:

How can I rotate ticklabels? [ edit | edit source ]

As of release R2014b, set the axes XTickLabelRotation, YTickLabelRotation, or ZTickLabelRotation properties. See the "Tick Values and Labels" section of the documentation for axes properties for more information.

For earlier releases, you cannot rotate tick labels directly but there are some community-generated solutions to simulate this in the MATLAB Central File Exchange. See Format Tick Labels ( as an example.  

How can I display data in a grid like Excel? [ edit | edit source ]

If you simply want to edit the matrix as if it were an Excel spreadsheet, you can use the builtin Array Editor. Type openvar(my_var) at the command prompt, or double click on the variable in the Workspace Browser. Or you can use the uitable control. See the help for uitable.

How can I write a title or text with multiple lines? [ edit | edit source ]

This can be done using a cell array of strings:

Or can be done with sprintf():

For more sophisticated titles, including those with special characters or even images in them, or to put titles on other things than axes (like legends), see Steve Eddins's blog: [5]

How can I use a common colormap among several images? [ edit | edit source ]

One way to do this is to insert a CAXIS command in your plotting function/script. For this to work well, you first need to have a first look at all of your data to determine what are the minimum and maximum values over the entire set of images. For example, if the overall minimum value amongst all images is 40 and the overall maximum is 256, you may issue the command "caxis([40 260])" for each image.

Tech note 1215, at, addresses a related question, namely "How can I use multiple colormaps in a single figure". As a bonus, it includes a thorough discussion of colormaps in general.  

How can I set default handle graphics properties? [ edit | edit source ]

There are probably several hundred of these default handle graphics options. Rather than trying to remember any particular one, the best thing is to learn the general principle behind all of these default handle graphics properties. The basic call to insert into your startup.m file is :

For line objects, here are a few examples:

Similarly, you can use these statements for axes objects:

For more details, do a full text search for 'Defining Default Values' in the R12 online help, and click on the very first hit. Also see the following entries in the R12 online help:

How can I modify the default bar color used for histograms? [ edit | edit source ]

A histogram is made up of patch objects. The trick is to modify the FaceColor property of these patches. A short example follows:

How can I draw more than two lines with plotyy? [ edit | edit source ]

You can use the axes' handles to plot additional lines, as follows:

Is there a command available for plotting an arrow on a graph? [ edit | edit source ]

Why does movie(M,1) display the movie M twice? [ edit | edit source ]

This behavior, where MOVIE displayed the movie one time more than was requested, was eliminated in MATLAB 7.4 (R2007a), as mentioned in the release notes (

In older releases, the movie function displayed each frame as it loaded the data into memory, and then played the movie the requested number of times all the data was loaded. This eliminated long delays with a blank screen when you loaded a memory-intensive movie. The movie's load cycle was not considered one of the movie repetitions.  

How can I set the focus in my GUI? [ edit | edit source ]

You can't. One hopes that The MathWorks will include this often-requested feature in a future, but there is no guarantee.

Related to this, changing the stacking order of your GUI elements might allow you to set the tab order, but this seems to not always work. GUIDE in MATLAB version >= 6.5 includes a Tab Order Editor, which does a better job at this.  

How can I add text labels to data points? [ edit | edit source ]

The text command can be used in a vectorized form to automatically add text labels wherever needed. Say you have a matrix D, where the first column contains X coordinates and the second column contains Y coordinates. Then us illustrates:

How can I create a movie from my MATLAB figures? [ edit | edit source ]

where you'll find entries such as these:

"How to combine MATLAB figures into a movie"
By Sandeep Somani, Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, U MD Biotechnology Inst

"How to Make a Movie from MATLAB"
I receive with a certain regularity the question: ``How do I make movies with Matlab? In fact, .
Contributed by: MATLAB Central Team

You might want to use code similar to this:

How do I save my figure, axes, or image? I'm having trouble with the built in MATLAB functions. [ edit | edit source ]

Many people encounter trouble when they try to use the various built in MATLAB functions (such as print, saveas, hgsave, etc.) for saving figures, axes, or images. For example, the colors may be different than expected, there may be undesired spacing around it, it may be all black or all white, the overlay graphics don't get saved along with the underlying image, the resolution is not correct, the wrong part of the window is being saved, etc. Try using export_fig in the File Exchange. This may solve your problems. Does this work?

How can I get Greek letters and other symbols on my GUI? [ edit | edit source ]

4 Answers 4

Depending on the boot device (USB or CD/ROM) the capture process makes a decision of where to write its scratch files. Since a USB is writable, it tries to write massive scratch files to it. Try using the /scratchdir option and direct scratch files to media with plenty of room.

Rather than changing the "scratch directory" I increased the scratch space on WinPE (the default is 32MB). This worked for me:

DISM /Mount-Wim /WimFile:<imagepath> /index:indexnum /MountDir:<mountdirlocation>

DISM /image:<mountdirlocation> /set-ScratchSpace:512

DISM /Unmount-Wim /MountDir:<mountdirlocation> /Commit

Set the scratch space as high as the systems you are trying to image will support. Valid values for the scratch-space are 32, 64, 128, 256 and 512 (MB).

I have a similar problem where the image fails around 60%. Like you, I have nearly a terrabyte free and there are no quota management features enabled on the servers. I'm using Windows PE4 32bit booted off a flash drive and the latest version of DISM.

The added complication is that I'm capturing to a DFS enabled share. Usually re-capturing the image succeeds so I'm not sure if my secondary fix of using a non-namespace share name the second capture works because I got lucky or if there is an issue with the namespace. I wish I had a better answer for you but you might have to capture it to flash drive and manually copy later.

I also had this problem on a VM that only had 1gb of memory assigned to it.

After assigning 4gb of memory it worked fine.

Downloading and Formatting Topographic Maps and Aerial Photographs from Terraserver

The TerraServer Web site is one of the world’s largest online databases, providing free public access to a vast data store of topographic maps and aerial photographs of the US. This feature will shed some light on how you can use the data with your GIS apps. About Terraserver – Stemming originally from a USGS agreement with Microsoft, USGS topographic maps and digital aerial photographs are available for free download from an Internet site called “Terraserver.”

The TerraServer Web site is one of the world’s largest online databases, providing free public access to a vast data store of topographic maps and aerial photographs of the United States. TerraServer is designed to work with commonly available computer systems and Web browsers over slow speed communications links. The TerraServer name is a play on words, with ‘Terra’ referring to the ‘earth’ or ‘land’, and it also to the terabytes of map images stored on the site.

The maps and aerial photographs can be downloaded into a graphics program, downloaded into a Geographic Information System (GIS), printed, or viewed on the computer screen.

The maps available on the site are USGS topographic maps at the following scales: 1:24,000, 1:100,000, and 1:250,000 (Alaska and Hawaii at other scales). The site allows for zooming in on the maps to a resolution of 2 meters.

The aerial photographs available on the site are USGS aerial photographs flown at 1:40,000 scale. The site allows for zooming in on the photographs to a resolution of 1 meter.

Coverage: The maps are available for the entire United States. The photographs are available for approximately 90% of the United States.

Units: The maps and photographs are provided in the UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) coordinate system.

Using these data along with a GIS, you can:

1) Use these maps and images as base maps behind your field-collected coordinates. The maps, as your field-collected coordinates using a GPS (Global Positioning System) receiver, are both in Earth-referenced coordinates. Therefore, the points you collect using your GPS will plot onto these maps. Use the procedures below to ensure that the photographs and maps you download from terraserver contain the Earth-referenced information.

2) Drape the maps and aerial photographs on a 3D digital elevation model (DEM) to visualize the Earth as it truly exists, in three dimensions.

3) Enhance all spatial analysis with maps and aerial photographs.

Procedures for Automatically Downloading Terraserver Images Using ArcGIS:

Some things related to GIS are getting so easy, that we are able to move quickly to the analysis stage, rather than spend time formatting and manipulating spatial data. One of the prime examples is Thomas Emge’s Terraserver tool. This tool accesses the site and automatically downloads Digital

You will see a screen similar to that below. Type in a specific city (without a state name) and press “Go.”

2. Select the correct city/state combination that you are interested in from the list that appears.

3. Select a TOPOGRAPHIC MAP of the area you are interested in. Continue zooming and panning using the compass rose and the plus and minus sign below the compass rose until your desired area is in the view. Make the image size LARGE using the button below the zoom bar.

You can zoom in until the zoom factor is 2 meters, as in the example below.

4. To download, do not right click on the image at this point, or you will only obtain a very small portion of the image. Rather, select DOWNLOAD on the button bar above the image:

You will see a screen similar to that below.

5. After the image has redrawn, right-click on the image and SAVE AS .jpg

For example, oakcliff_drg.jpg

6. Click on the WORLD FILE link to open the registration file for the image in the browser window.

For example, oakcliff_drg.jgw

Be sure to save this as a TEXT file, not HTML, but keep the file extension as JGW, not TXT. Also, it must have the same base name as your JPG file, above.

7. Go back to the browser window where your topographic map is (before you downloaded it). Click on IMAGE to see a DOQ of that same area. (Note—Not every area of the country has images on Terraserver at present). The procedures for the DOQ will be similar to that for the DRGs that you followed above. Make sure the image is LARGE.

8. Select DOWNLOAD in the upper right hand corner of the image. You will see a screen similar to that below. Click on the FREE DOWNLOAD arrow to redraw the image.

9. After the image has redrawn, right-click on the image and SAVE AS .jpg

For example, oakcliff_doq.jpg. The screen will look similar to that below:

10. Click on the WORLD FILE link to open the registration file for the image in the browser window.

Be sure to save this as a type TEXT file, not HTML, but keep the extension of the file JGW, not TXT.

For example, oakcliff_doq.jgw

Be sure to save this as a TEXT file, not HTML. Also, it must have the same base name as your JPG file, above.

11. In ArcView 3.x, turn on the JPG reader extension and add your images as IMAGE THEMES. If they do not appear, be sure to check your file names on your system.

In ArcGIS, add the images as layers.

Problems with the image not registering are almost always a Windows, not a GIS problem, and most likely because:

1] Windows has saved the header file as HTML. Access Wordpad and save the file as .txt, removing all HTML code.

2] Windows has saved the header file as filename.jgw.txt, for example, oakcliff_doq.jgw.txt. Rename the file and remove the .txt extension. If you cannot see the .txt extension, in Windows Explorer, first view the file lists as “Details”. Then go to Tools–> Folder Options, and View (for Windows 2000, other operating systems have the folder options in a slightly different place) to UNCHECK – Hide file extensions for known file types.

Spatial data are referenced to a horizontal datum and a vertical datum, both of which are based on a mathematically calculated shape of the earth. These datums are re-calculated from time to time, based on more accurate models of the shape of the earth.

All of the DOQs are cast on the North American Datum (NAD) of 1983.

Some of the DRGs are cast on the North American Datum of 1927, but most are in 1983, depending on the map date. If the map is post-1983, then it is probably in NAD 83, but many maps are older than this.

If your DOQ is in NAD 83 and your DRG is in NAD 27, the files will not exactly overlay they may be up to a few hundred meters off. You will need to edit the header file of the image you wish to change. The header files are 6 lines long.

The first and the fourth line indicate the resolution of the image. The image for which the header is displayed below has a 1 meter resolution because lines 1 and 4 are 1.0000000:

Procedures to Adjust the Horizontal Datum of One of Your Images:

First , decide which image to adjust. Usually, you should adjust whatever image is out-of-sync with the rest of your data. If you have 10 layers in NAD 27 but only 1 in NAD 83, even though the 1983 datum is more accurate, it would make more sense to adjust 1 layer to NAD 27 rather than adjust 10 layers to NAD 83.

Second , make a backup of the original header file.

Third , use WordPad or other text editor to edit the file. You will need to adjust the last two lines of the file: These are the coordinates where most GIS software, including ArcView from by Mr. Kerski

Commons:Help desk/Archive/2013/11

This is a scanned photo of died person(understood from its meta details). The user give the source as "own work". But I see that photo some others places. Please see its history and take proper action. --♥Aswini ( talk ) 05:49, 4 November 2013 (UTC)

  • I've nominated it for deletion. In future please nominate files that you feel are copyvio's or we can't host for deletion. There should be a link labelled "Nominate for deletion" in the menu to the left of the screen. Liamdavies ( talk ) 13:10, 4 November 2013 (UTC)

Thanks a Lot. I nominated it for deletion in 28 June. But Somebody removed it :(. See its history! --♥Aswini ( talk ) 11:40, 5 November 2013 (UTC)

I like the idea of the Upload Wizard button at Special:Upload, but given the size of Category:Files by User:Nyttend, I don't think I need the wizard for myself. Is there any way to get rid of the button? Nyttend ( talk ) 02:04, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

  • I don't understand your problem, could you elaborate? Liamdavies ( talk ) 14:23, 2 November 2013 (UTC)
  • Add the following

to your common.css. Ruslik ( talk ) 18:20, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

There is a problem with the parameter "sex" (Sex of the narrator) in the template <> now.

But it produces the unrelevant text in Russian:

It could be translated: "He edits wiki pages", instead of "мужской" or "мужской пол" (i.e. "male").

I don't see a page, where I can correct this error. Could you improve this translation? -- Andrew Krizhanovsky ( talk ) 08:28, 1 November 2013 (UTC)

<> uses translation from MediaWiki (see Special:Preferences). I think will be good idea to use description of male/female items from Wikidata instead. --EugeneZelenko ( talk ) 14:44, 1 November 2013 (UTC)

I am suscribed to Space in Images from ESA (European Space Administration). The Image: Espesor del hielo en el Océano Ártico (Arctic Ice Thickness) was released by ESA on September 09 - 2013 under the permission: which states: You may use ESA images or videos for educational or informational purposes

I think these statements will be clear enough to upload this excellent image for educational and informatinal purposes on Commons and Wikipedia. Sincerely: --Fev ( talk ) 12:07, 1 November 2013 (UTC)

  • No, it wouldn't. That apparently excludes commercial use, and Wikimedia Commons, despite its generally educational goals, accepts only images that can also be used commercially. Also, it doesn't give permission for derivatives, which we also require. - Jmabel ! talk 15:59, 1 November 2013 (UTC)

Hi I was just wondering if I can know if this image is okay for use on wikipedia thank you Justin Michael 04:57, 7 November 2013 (UTC)— Preceding unsigned comment added by JMichael22 (talk • contribs)

  • By the looks of it, as the file has been deleted, no. Please consult COM:LICENSE to see what type of files we can host at commons. Liamdavies ( talk ) 17:25, 7 November 2013 (UTC)

I want to upload a public rally photo which is published in many newspapers and shown by many news channels. So I want to know that can I upload this photo on commons? If yes, please tell me appropriate license.--Prateekmalviya20 ( talk ) 09:12, 30 October 2013 (UTC)

Most photos in newspapers and other professional news media are copyrighted and not allowed on Commons at all. Could you provide a source link for the specific image in question? Such questions are easier to answer with the specific case. GermanJoe ( talk ) 11:55, 30 October 2013 (UTC) If the photo you mention here is this one, no, we cannot host it here as it is copyright ([1]). Liamdavies ( talk ) 14:59, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

Ich habe eine neue Version der Datei erstellt bei Wikipedia wird aber immer noch die alte Version gezeigt nur die Miniatur ist schon als neue Version sichtbar. Was ist zu tun? --Wolberg77 ( talk ) 18:58, 1 November 2013 (UTC)

BIG MISTAKE! More than twenty images in Category:Macroglossum stellatarum don't belong there. They are Hemaris, instead of Macroglossum stellatarum. All the images photographed in the United States should be moved to the correct category and renamed accordingly. I could move them one by one, but can't rename them. Please, somebody fix this. --Polinizador ( talk ) 13:29, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

Hi, move them into the categories that they should be in (you can use Cat-a-lot or Hotcat to make this easier if you'd like), and then request a rename using either the script (drop down menu to the left of the 'search' box) or Template:rename. But please try to give an evidence backing to the proposed new names so that filemovers know why they should be moved. Hope this helps. Liamdavies ( talk ) 14:20, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

A friend has sent me some photos for loading up to Wikipedia. He was happy enough for me to load these under my own name but I have credited them to him in the best way I can. If required I can supply the text of an e-mail - can you let me know whether this is OK?

Please, see Commons:OTRS. I should definitely supply the e-mail with a clear free license in it. Ruslik ( talk ) 18:12, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

A little over four hours ago I uploaded two files, one of the plaque with this filename, and one of the door, named to indicate it's the door. Somehow they both got this name. I reverted to the correct version for this name, but how do I give a separate name to the other version? Jim.henderson ( talk ) 23:48, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

Upload it under a different name, something like "Westbeth door.jpg"? -- Asclepias ( talk ) 00:05, 3 November 2013 (UTC) Drat I was hoping for a neater way. Off to snap more pix now but I'll find the card and send it tomorrow or the next day. Jim.henderson ( talk ) 13:43, 3 November 2013 (UTC) You don't need to find the card. You could just copy the file already uploaded and reupload it under the name you want. Not sure what neater way you expected. You could probably ask an admin to separate the file histories and do the rest of the job, but there doesn't seem to be an obvious advantage to that method in this case. If you don't want to release the door photo with CC-0, you should request the deletion of the intermediate version. If you release the door photo with CC-0 anyway, it's not necessary to request the deletion. -- Asclepias ( talk ) 15:37, 3 November 2013 (UTC)

--Kburke559 ( talk ) 22:19, 3 November 2013 (UTC)i uploaded a photo from my own facebook account and idk what licences it falls under. please help me i dont want to loss my photo.

  • Did you create this image yourself? If you did the free license given is fine. If you did not create this image, you must provide evidence that it is available under a free license, this could be linking to the page you got it from that has a free license disclaimer, or through COM:OTRS. If you created the image yourself, and you are happy with the license, you do not have to do anything. Liamdavies ( talk ) 11:13, 4 November 2013 (UTC)

I am trying to choose images from a category that has 17 subcategories, and many of those are further split into sub-subcategories, etc. The images that have been "subcategorized" do not appear in the main category page. Is there a way to expand all included subcategories and view them all at once rather than browse each subcategory and all of its constituents? Otherwise, the fine-scale categorization defeats the purpose of easily finding images. Thanks. Animalparty ( talk ) 22:35, 3 November 2013 (UTC)

  • I can empathise with your situation, I feel the same about the overly eager and segmented category trees that some users create, making it near impossible to find images. The best work around is to use catscan: go to the higher level cat, and go to the little drop down menu next to the search button, one of the options will be "CatScan" click it and then select how many levels deep you want to search, and change the "search in category" to "for all images", hit scan and you should be presented with a gallery of images. Beware however, it can be buggy and not show all the images, or just fall over from time to time. Liamdavies ( talk ) 12:58, 4 November 2013 (UTC)

The file is File:S-3A VS-29 with Tupolev Tu-95 1979.jpg. See User:Fanndancer's post here. Can the description be changed even if no other source is found? PiRSquared17 ( talk ) 23:27, 3 November 2013 (UTC)

  • We don't have any policy such as en:WP:RS, so a source isn't necessarily needed for you to change the description if you think it's wrong and you can improve it, go for it. However, if you get reverted please don't edit war, but instead discuss the issue with the other contributor. You can still be bold! Liamdavies ( talk ) 13:03, 4 November 2013 (UTC)

Hi, I used this: to make an image for the phosphorus cycle. I attempted to upload it (actually an svg and png version of it) with the intent of properly attributing it and hopefully linking it. I can't figure out how to do any of that. Can someone do this for me? They are the only two files I've uploaded (User: bonniemf). I don't know if my file should go on the same page as the file from which I modified it, because my file doesn't show the carbon cycle anymore, so it seems like it should be separate but marked as a derivative work with the original attributed to the previous user. My files are currently marked for speedy deletion. If no one is willing to make the needed changes, then I'd rather just delete it than waste hours on trying to figure it out myself. Bonnie - — Preceding unsigned comment added by Bonniemf (talk • contribs)

  • Here you are asking us not to delete these, but on the talk pages you are asking us to delete these. I am unable to tell whether you want this fixed or removed. I will take you at your word here, but if I am wrong please follow up.
  • Probably part of the confusion was your claim of "own work" without saying there that it was based on File:Carbon cycle-cute diagram.svg. - Jmabel ! talk 15:58, 4 November 2013 (UTC)

Hello, I'd like to upload a photo of an artist to complete the article I've written about him. I contacted his photographer, and he gave me both the photo and the authorisation to put it on Wikipedia under a public licence. I can't find though a proper option in the upload form. What would be the best way to submit the image? Should I just upload the image and ask the photographer to send an e-mail with the authorisation and the link of the uploaded image to the [email protected]? Or should the author forward the authorisation to me so as I can send it to Commons? Or still another, more efficient way? Thank you for your advice,--Escrivendi ( talk ) 13:29, 5 November 2013 (UTC)

Hi, Just wondering if the photo i recently uploaded ll stay on the page or ll it be deleted, just not sure what it have be done to stay on the page, I just found it on internet on the website and uploaded it

Thanks in advance for the help --Gustavofalciroli ( talk ) 13:51, 5 November 2013 (UTC)

  • We can only host images with a free license, generally speaking photographs of websites are not free for our purposes. The image that you've uploaded is from a website with a copyright notice on it, and is hence copyright. Liamdavies ( talk ) 14:45, 5 November 2013 (UTC)

I recently uploaded the McBusted logo but I do not know what 'copyright' it would go under, could you help me please? --LaimWMcKenzie ( talk ) 17:33, 11 November 2013 (UTC)

    , we can't host that image as it is under full copyright. Commons can only host files with a free license, these are images that the uploader has created and released themselves, or images from pages with a legal release, or through the COM:OTRS process. I have speedied the file you uploaded, sorry. Local Wikipedias may have a fair use provision to host unfree images, English Wikipedia's policy is at en:WP:NFCLiamdavies ( talk ) 17:47, 11 November 2013 (UTC)

I just did this : [2] sort of on a whim, but I realized there might be a more standard way to do it, or there might be a reason not to add locations to maps. Does anyone have comments or is there a better place to discuss this? CombatWombat42 ( talk ) 17:36, 1 November 2013 (UTC)

  • I wouldn't have thought that maps had a 'location' as such, but more an area (a range of locations). Either way, I think you may find Template:Location more useful. The other option is to place the geographic limits of the map in the description as done here - or both. Liamdavies ( talk ) 14:32, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

Is there a best practice for including country information in an ((artwork)) template when the artist is unknown?

I'm putting together an artwork template to describe a set of 1820's Chinese watercolors. We don't know the name of the artist, so I'm using the unknown template as the value for artist=. However, we do know that the paintings are Chinese.

Is there a standard way to indicate the country in the artwork template? If we knew the artist, it could be inferred, but we don't. I could indicate the country of origin in the |object history= or use categories -- is there a better way to do this? Mary Mark Ockerbloom ( talk ) 17:45, 7 November 2013 (UTC)

Categorizing File:Anti-annexation flyer, north Seattle, circa 1944.jpg, I was a bit surprised not to find a Category:Annexation. Do we have something like that under another name, or is this something that should be created? - Jmabel ! talk 05:57, 13 November 2013 (UTC)

Interestingly, we do have Category:Secession, which is under-used. A search for 'annexation' returns a pretty good number of results, so I think this would be a meaningful category. I don't know where to put it, though. -- rimshot talk 22:17, 13 November 2013 (UTC) I've put it in the same place as Category:Secession. If someone can do better, great. - Jmabel ! talk 00:44, 14 November 2013 (UTC) This section was archived on a request by: Jmabel ! talk 00:44, 14 November 2013 (UTC)

Something bugs me about this file: is it an OK upload and everything. it looks like it's taken from a printed newspaper. alternatively, I can't locate & read licenses (which is indeed the case), only judging by the visual feature. :/ Orrling talk 16:42, 2 November 2013 (UTC)

  • "Own work" looks very unlikely to me. Ditto same author's upload File:Pláč.jpg. And you have to wonder about File:Autobus v Haifě.jpg combined with File:Bus po útoku.jpg: did the same person really get to photograph two different bombed buses in different cities? - Jmabel ! talk 03:37, 3 November 2013 (UTC)

I need to use an image that was uploaded by someone else, for an article. The image was created using a MAC. It shows fine in Firefox but not in IE.

If I save the image as a .jpg using my XP PC, rename it and try to upload it, it tells me it's already there and prevents the upload. Is there a way an administrator could modify the image and keep the name, and not require me to upload a new copy? Timtempleton ( talk ) 19:28, 6 November 2013 (UTC)

The problem is that the file is using the CMYK colour space, which legacy Microsoft Internet Explorer displays as a "missing image". Given the nature of the image, it would make more sense to save it in a lossless format such as PNG if you have access to the uncompressed original. Otherwise, you can use the "Upload a new version of this file" link on the file description page here on Commons (i.e. File:Rgp logo 4-c legacy HIRES.jpg as opposed to en:File:Rgp logo 4-c legacy HIRES.jpg). —LX (talk, contribs) 20:59, 6 November 2013 (UTC)

Thanks - I reloaded it as a .PNG. Timtempleton ( talk ) 23:18, 7 November 2013 (UTC)

Now is it only me or does this image look like it's uhm, taken straight from a TV screen Orrling talk 20:58, 7 November 2013 (UTC)

Only you, I'd say. It looks like a montage from this photo, displayed on dozens of websites (this example taken from [3]). On the Commons file, look at the difference in the color of the face in relation to the rest of the image. -- Asclepias ( talk ) 21:37, 7 November 2013 (UTC) Should this "response" teach us that the file is a legitimate upload? Orrling talk 21:51, 7 November 2013 (UTC) No. -- Asclepias ( talk ) 21:56, 7 November 2013 (UTC)

I uploaded a file (Stanley_Park_Location.jpg) using the DerivativeFX. It seemed to upload because it told me it was transferring the file to the commons. How do I find it? How long does it take?

It's not in your log. And there's no file named Stanley_Park_Location.jpg. Apparently something did not work as you intended. I don't use DerivativeFX and I can't help about it. Maybe you can ask for suggestions on the Village Pump also. -- Asclepias ( talk ) 01:03, 8 November 2013 (UTC) Thanks. I used a different method and got it to work. Rhild ( talk ) 07:28, 8 November 2013 (UTC)

I've been on a mission to categorize the cylinder seals from the "Walters Art Museum", the seals with cuneiform. The cat: listed above now contains more than one en:cylinder seal. The cat is under Category:Cuneiform on cylinder seals. Please move Category:Akkadian cylinder seal to the plural: "Category:Akkadian cylinder seals". (it now contains one cylinder, and two other photos, a total of 11 photos. Thanx..(From the HOTdeserts of ArizonaUSA)--Mmcannis ( talk ) 13:32, 8 November 2013 (UTC)

  • Uncontroversial category moves can be requested at User talk:CommonsDelinker/commands, using the <> template. - Jmabel ! talk 16:41, 8 November 2013 (UTC)

Hi, Could you please advise how the following photos that I uploaded can be deleted? I read the guidelines and these two particular photos do not have the right copyright, etc. for Wikimedia Commons:

Thanks--1wikideb1 ( talk ) 13:46, 14 November 2013 (UTC)

  • Both images are currently the subject of a delete request (which you have commented on) that is the proper procedure and they will be deleted within the week. Liamdavies ( talk ) 15:44, 14 November 2013 (UTC)

It has been, however, longer than a week and these photos have not yet been deleted. Could you advise when they will be deleted? Thanks.--1wikideb1 ( talk ) 20:31, 16 November 2013 (UTC)

Done --Ymblanter ( talk ) 20:40, 16 November 2013 (UTC)

  • There has never been a file by that name on Commons. What is your question? - Jmabel ! talk 19:00, 9 November 2013 (UTC)

Some user (or is this a bot?) lately applied a delete-tag to one of my uploads. Can I just lift it or what is actually the "formal" procedure in such an harassment? Thanqz. Orrling talk 20:14, 9 November 2013 (UTC)

As I was typing this, another file was modified in the same way: now this Orrling talk 20:17, 9 November 2013 (UTC) . And now they want to heve this one deleted.. Anyone who understands the meaning of all this? Orrling talk 20:27, 9 November 2013 (UTC) Read the text on the page and look at the diffs. JuTa (who is obviously not a bot bots tend not to refer to themselves in first person) is converting speedy deletion nominations made over a week ago by Blurred Lines into regular deletion discussions. You were notified of the pending deletions back then, but did not react. Now that JuTa brings the speedy deletion tagging up for discussion, you call that harassment? —LX (talk, contribs) 20:37, 9 November 2013 (UTC)

File:Ike Ofoegbu.jpg had first been no-perm-tagged[4] (speedy), which was then converted to a regular DR[5] (slow). You might comment at Commons:Deletion requests/File:Ike Ofoegbu.jpg. --Túrelio ( talk ) 20:41, 9 November 2013 (UTC)
Same with Commons:Deletion requests/File:Ben Reis.jpg and Commons:Deletion requests/File:David Cubillan.jpg. --Túrelio ( talk ) 20:42, 9 November 2013 (UTC)

Can anyone tell whether these notices on the files bear any meaning or the images now will just have "to live with" those tags, or what actually? Orrling talk 20:42, 9 November 2013 (UTC) What exactly should I "comment" on those pages? I have no clue why this is needed whatsoever Orrling talk 20:44, 9 November 2013 (UTC) Well, I am not a bot, but an admin currently checking the images within the +7 days old subcategories of Category:Unknown. Most of them I agree with the speedy deletion tags and I delete them. In your cases i didn't agreed an converted them to regular deletion requests. I guess that Blurred Lines, who initally tags them with <> is doubting that those fotos are your own work, that you might have copied them somewhere in the internet. But I cant any identical images anywhere else. I you took those images youself please note that on the deletion request pages and another admin will decide these cases in about one week. regards. --JuTa 20:54, 9 November 2013 (UTC) I see. Will put that message as you said. (is it concerning only those three images or others?) Orrling talk 21:09, 9 November 2013 (UTC) Not that I know. --JuTa 22:30, 9 November 2013 (UTC) Sadly I will not be able to cooperate with further occurrences of this sort of event. I have contributed some hundreds of images here on Wiki, those of which not directly taken or staged by me have no line saying "Please attribute to me" at the file infobox. So picking just these random three must be a complete unfunny nonsense. I was actually flattered in an amusing way now that you mentioned the other user doubting my photos' authenticity so I went fulfilling that weird need, but I guess from now on you or anyone will need to assume that my contributions are defaultively my work and in case of difficulty address either my talkpage or the file's talkpage with a manual legible query. Regardz, Orrling talk 23:15, 9 November 2013 (UTC) Blurred Lines has shown plenty of incompetence at en:wp with image tagging I just found an image over there that he'd tagged as no-permission even though 1/3 of the source page was taken up by a huge <> permissions statement. I would strongly suggest that admins refuse to delete images he's tagged unless we can see reasons to agree with him. Nyttend ( talk ) 01:59, 10 November 2013 (UTC) Agree with Nyttend. I didn't see any bad intentions in his edits but showing very incompetence. See this edits he reverted two admins even without trying to clarify the point. He did it earlier too. J Kadavoor J e e 05:48, 10 November 2013 (UTC)

Way back when, I asked where to find the policy/guideline/steps for dealing with free images of living people containing promotional text, where the text can be mostly cropped out. I did get helpful advice about what to do, but not where that was documented as a guideline or howto all in one place. Is there such a page? If not, shall we create one? --Lexein ( talk ) 06:41, 10 November 2013 (UTC)

I uploaded a cropped version File:Lucas radebe cropped.JPG of an existing commons image File:Lucas radebe.jpg. I attributed it in the upload process, but is there anything else that needs to be done? Note that i don't come to commons much, so if there is anything i need to do, can you drop a line at my page on english wikipedia [6]. thanks. TheRedPenOfDoom ( talk ) 23:00, 16 November 2013 (UTC)

  • Done. There were actually a couple of issues here. I added appropriate content to "other versions" on both images and attributed the crop, since the license in question requires that derivatives must not imply endorsement by the original author. - Jmabel ! talk 23:25, 16 November 2013 (UTC)

It tells me that file names can't be longer than 240 bytes. I renamed the file on my drive something short, but I get the same message. How can this be fixed? Can someone change it to an English name? Bubba73 ( talk ) 02:51, 4 November 2013 (UTC)

Do we have instructions to picturecollection cases to uploader how uploader shall first upload every picture to Commons and then collect from those. An example to picture where needed information.File:Yungtynunnie.jpg--Motopark ( talk ) 17:03, 10 November 2013 (UTC)

There is no strict requirement to upload each part of a collage/montage to Commons, although it's certainly a good idea to do so. Commons:Collages at least mentions that the individual images need to be free and that the individual sources need to be provided. —LX (talk, contribs) 18:48, 12 November 2013 (UTC)

This file was down loaded on the agency's web site and the agency was refrenced. The file is an image of the NY/NJ port district. This is not my own work.

--Mangomacho ( talk ) 04:59, 11 November 2013 (UTC)

That's a copyright violation. The source site has an unambiguous "all rights reserved" copyright notice. I don't know why you would think that this file meets Commons' licensing requirements. —LX (talk, contribs) 19:14, 11 November 2013 (UTC)

Doing some sorting of files related to Category:Edmonton, I came across a couple of misspellings, Category:Waterdale Bridge and Category:Bridges over the North Sasketchewan River. The latter actually had a redirect from the correct spelling! I’ve emptied them, but I wasn’t sure whether or not to tag them for deletion, mainly because I don’t quite understand the intent of “should not be used on categories that are misspellings and thus unlikely to be used by other people.” It appears that the misspellings came from filenames—they certainly occur in several of the included files—so it’s arguable that they are likely to be used. What’s the policy in such cases?—Odysseus1479 (talk) 00:33, 12 November 2013 (UTC)

  • I hope if you've "emptied them" you've moved things into more useful categories. There would have been several almost effortless ways to move these to the correct categories, but nothing much can be done at this point other than deleting the misspelled categories.
  • For the future: uncontroversial moves can be requested at User talk:CommonsDelinker/commands. Or if you want to handle the whole thing yourself, try the tool described at Help:VisualFileChange.js. - Jmabel ! talk 01:05, 12 November 2013 (UTC)
  • Yes, there is a firm consensus to delete misspelled categories on Commons. - Jmabel ! talk 04:36, 12 November 2013 (UTC)

I would like to upload information on our company, NetWorth Services to Wikipedia. I have already registered for a password, but according to your requirements I must have made edits or comments on articles and wait four days. Is this accurate or am I being confused by these requirements? Thanks for your help.

Barry Cohen — Preceding unsigned comment added by BCohen0929 (talk • contribs) 17:28, 12 November 2013‎ (UTC)

Hi Barry! You're not on Wikipedia. Wikimedia Commons (this site) is a repository of free, educational media files (such as images, audio and video) used by Wikipedia, other Wikimedia projects, and others. You can upload media files as soon as you've registered, but we don't host encyclopædia articles, if that is what you intended to upload. See Commons:Project scope/Summary for more information on what this project is all about. —LX (talk, contribs) 17:37, 12 November 2013 (UTC)

Can anyone help with a baffling (at least to me) error message "Error in template * unknown parameter name (Template:Artwork): '1'" at Mary Cassat - Lilacs in a Window - MMA 1997.207.jpg?

Can't for the life of me trace the error.

Thanks. Coat of Many Colours ( talk ) 10:14, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

Found it! A double |. Coat of Many Colours ( talk ) 10:40, 18 November 2013 (UTC) This section was archived on a request by: Coat of Many Colours ( talk ) 10:44, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

EN: Hallo, I received the following email from a stranger. It has two photos for this article . Is it important to pass this e-mail and to whom? -- Jlorenz1 ( talk ) 08:42, 11 November 2013 (UTC)

DE:Ich habe eine Email mit zwei Fotos von einem Fremden erhalten, mit der Bitte sie in Wikipedia zu veröffentlichen. Muss die Email weitergeleitet werden und an wen? -- Jlorenz1 ( talk ) 08:42, 11 November 2013 (UTC)

  • I am unable to read German, and was hoping a German speaker would deal with this. However, in lieu of that, I suggest you contact the good folk at COM:OTRS (in German) and try to sort it that way. Liamdavies ( talk ) 15:48, 14 November 2013 (UTC)

I would like to use this image as my header for a webpage teaching business. it will be cropped. Wordpress will not allow me to insert the URL so I downloaded the picture. I do not know how to contact the owner, Brandon Weeks, to find out what I should do for the attribution. Could you help me out here? I appreciate your help.

    indicates the author as Brandon Weeks. That would be the attribution. It is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported, so you'd need to also indicate that license and link to for its terms. You should also indicate that the crop is yours. So, for example, "Photo by Brandon Weeks, licensed under Creative Commons<a href="">Attribution 3.0 Unported</a>, cropped by Maria Chapeskie."
  • Brandon Weeks last contributed to this site nearly three years ago (Special:Contributions/Brandon), so I can't give you a terribly reliable way to get hold of him. He's ignored several comments on his talk page, so that wouldn't be any use in his case. If you have (or open) an account, you can try emailing him through Special:EmailUser/Brandon, but under the circumstances I wouldn't promise anything about whether he'll respond. - Jmabel ! talk 02:18, 13 November 2013 (UTC)

Can I upload a new image of him as a West Ham player as he doesn't play for Birmingham anymore — Preceding unsigned comment added by Scottyrocket (talk • contribs)

  • You can upload any file that is properly licensed and within the scope of Commons. However, if you wish to change the image at that wikipedia page, this is the wrong place, we are a media repository. To learn how to change images in wikipedia, please consult (for EN:WP) en:WP:IMAGE and en:Wikipedia:Picture tutorial. Good luck! I hope this answers your question. Liamdavies ( talk ) 15:39, 14 November 2013 (UTC)

I created my account on Wikipedia on November,7th. Why Commons does not accept it? The message is that there is no such username. I have no problem to log into Wikipedia! Thank you -- 20:09, 14 November 2013 (UTC)

Is this a permitted upload and could you please assist me in which license tag to use.

Many thanks in advance-Godot13 ( talk ) 00:49, 15 November 2013 (UTC)

  • Probably not OK because wording would seem to bar commercial use (and rather contradicts their "No Copyright in Islamic knowledge," since it is hard to imagine a basis other than copyright law on which they could prohibit sales). - 01:12, 15 November 2013 (UTC)

Die Quelle ist in den Metadaten angegeben. Ich bin mir aber wegen der Lizenz unsicher. Kann man es unter eine CC-Lizenz stellen, wenn das Werk 1977 in der DDR zuerst veröffentlicht wurde ?

--Aglaeser ( talk ) 12:03, 15 November 2013 (UTC)

  • No, unless rights were explicitly granted, German works are copyrighted for life of the photographer + 70 years, so this is decades away from being in the public domain. To grant a CC license, one must hold the rights, so this clearly should be deleted. - Jmabel ! talk 16:41, 15 November 2013 (UTC)

If I in Preferences/Appearance (after login) choose Colonge Blue I can't find information on any page for what category it belongs to. As categories are important it seems strange to me, is this a bug or is it supposed to be so? Göran ( talk ) 15:26, 20 November 2013 (UTC)

  • If I understand correctly, you are saying that if you choose the "Cologne Blue" skin in Preferences/Appearance, then when you navigate to a page that has categories, you don't see any categories. Certainly not intentional. I tried switching over to Cologne Blue & I still see categories, but I have a preference set to put categories immediately under the photo, so I don't know what it would be like without that. Is there someone here who uses Cologne Blue who can help this person? - Jmabel ! talk 00:36, 21 November 2013 (UTC)
    • Cologne Blue seems to place the categories at the top right corner of the window, right below the "log out" button. Easy to miss … --El Grafo ( talk ) 12:32, 21 November 2013 (UTC)

    I wish to upload an image of an App for my project, yet I am unsure about the copyright of an app. I assume it is the same as software, but I may be wrong. In either case is there a proper way to show images of apps? If it helps or makes a difference, the app is free to download. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Akirchhof13 (talk • contribs)

    • Whether someone charges for something has no bearing on its copyright status.
    • Most visuals, if not trivial (simple geometric shapes, for example), are copyrighted by default. Unless rights have been explicitly waived they are reserved. So must likely you cannot place an image of an App on Commons.
    • Not sure what you mean by "my project." If this is something unrelated to Commons, you might look into the doctrine of fair use. Commons does not allow "fair use" images, other than the subset of fair use known as de minimis (the copyrighted material composes a small and inessential portion of the image). - Jmabel ! talk 19:11, 16 November 2013 (UTC)

    I am sorry if this is not relevant, but I need to know for my research: what is the largest file on wikimedia commons?

    3.53 GB, see here. Jcb ( talk ) 00:08, 17 November 2013 (UTC)

    Li no Dicionário que Pietra Prezia era uma cidade no vale de Noto , Castro Giovanni, Sicilia. E agora aparece uma outra cidade, com nome parecido Pietrapersia ou petrapersia.

    Poderiam me explicar se é a mesmma e qual a origem do nome?

    Vejam na internet o título:

    Dal passato per il futuro

    Quanto al sito di Mactar (dal momento che i Fenici per le loro basi commerciali e per . hodie dici putatur ad oram australem at Narum urbem a Pietra Prezia».

    Obrigado. Luiz Prezia [email protected]

    • Penso che si sta chiedendo questo nel posto sbagliato. Questa è una pagina di chiedere aiuto nell'uso del sito Wikimedia Commons. Faresti meglio a chiedere a it:Wikipedia:Oracolo. - Jmabel ! talk 04:20, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

    I've uploaded a few images into Category:Miller School, but for all of them I've had to click "Ignore any warnings" at Special:Upload, because whenever I don't, I get a message in coloured text (brown, I think, but I'm somewhat colourblind) reading Could not create directory "mwstore://local-multiwrite/local-public/f/fc". Any idea what's going on? I couldn't find anything relevant when searching the archive. Nyttend ( talk ) 05:32, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

    Hi. I hope I'm writing in the correct page. I need a suggestion on what to do with an image with a wrong licence. The image is this one, which is licensed as PD-US, but that is wrong because it shows a letter written in Italy by an Italian man. On the other hand, I think it is not necessary to delete it and it could be licensed as PD-Art since it is a faithful reproduction of a two-dimensional work in the public domain (it was written in the XVIII century). So my question is: since the original uploader of the image can't change the licence (he was banned from wikipedia), can I change it myself? Or can I ask an administrator to do it? Or what should I do? Thanks --Postcrosser ( talk ) 11:27, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

    Yes, you can change the license. I think that <> is the correct one. Regards, Yann ( talk ) 11:43, 18 November 2013 (UTC) Thank you for the quick answer :) I had though of PD-old-100 too as possible licence, but I was unsure since the image was taken from a web site. --Postcrosser ( talk ) 11:52, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

    I Want to use this Following File, I've use the same as this wikipedia site ( ), But when I Rewrite this following thread ( ) I can't use that file, They said me to reupload it in Wikimedia Commons, I've reupload it But I'm not sure about it's copyright, So can I use it? If can't, How to do about it, Because I need to rewrite and complete that thread in Thai Language. Thanks

    • We can't host that image here because it is copyright. We can only host freely licensed content. Some local projects have fair use provisions for hosting images, my best guess is to ask at the Thai wikipedia's village pump, and see what they say. Liamdavies ( talk ) 03:30, 19 November 2013 (UTC)

    en:I found this file in the Category:Pic-Pic vehicles, and I have no idea why it is related to Swiss Piccard-Pictet automobiles, or where it is correctly categegorized.
    de:Ich habe diese Datei in der Category:Pic-Pic vehicles gefunden und kann nicht nachvollziehen, worin die Beziehung zu Schweizer Automobilen der ehemaligen Marke Piccard-Pictet bestehen soll, oder wo die Datei richtig eingeordnet ist.--Chief tin cloud ( talk ) 16:34, 18 November 2013 (UTC)

    The file was uploaded using the Upload Wizard, which uses the Hotcat gadget for categorisation. I'm guessing someone who doesn't understand what categories are for might write something nonsensical like "pic" (short for "picture") in the input field for categories, in which case Hotcat's first suggestion is Category:Pic-Pic vehicles. It appears to be the logo of a South Korean TV series, and as 50% of the files uploaded by B!ttu have already be deleted, so I really doubt the uploader's authorship claims. It's probably a copyright violation. —LX (talk, contribs) 18:17, 18 November 2013 (UTC) Thank you. I've seen that you initiated a deletion request, so I will remove it from Category:Pic-Pic vehicles in case it will not become deleted, anyway.--Chief tin cloud ( talk ) 09:31, 19 November 2013 (UTC)

    Hallo, is there the possibility to cancel the old version of this photo I took and posted (it was a mistake: too dark photo)? The correct version of the photo is the present one. Thank you for your help. User: Esploratoreludwig

    • Convenience link: File:Nembro (Bergamo) - Fondo Canaletta (proprietà Agazzi-Savoldi).jpg. I'm not sure what you mean by "canceling" the image. Anyone who references the image will see the current version they will only see the dark version if they look at the file history, which is as it should be. - Jmabel ! talk 16:56, 18 November 2013 (UTC)
      • Thank you for your quick answer. I thought it could be possible to eliminate from wikimedia the old version of an image I published. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Esploratoreludwig (talk • contribs)
        • It's possible, but not worth it. Hiding upload history requires administrator (actually, I think bureaucrat) effort and doesn't actually save any space on disk (just makes something invisible to normal users). Typically, we do this only if there was a potential legal issue (including copyright issues) with a version of an image. - Jmabel ! talk 01:47, 19 November 2013 (UTC)
          • But sometimes, it is good for the reputation of an artist. Nobody want to showcase a bad work in their portfolio. :) JKadavoorJee 03:02, 19 November 2013 (UTC)
            • I'm also not incredibly proud of File:Vienna Tram E1 Line 45.jpg - but that's just where my photography skills were in 2009. I stand by it. ) darkweasel94 05:28, 19 November 2013 (UTC)
              • It's cool. But here it is very clear that the uploader just made a mistake and asking for help. I think we need to be more generous to such requests. :) JKadavoorJee 07:40, 19 November 2013 (UTC)

              Thank you very much, Jkadavoor. You are right: I only made a gross mistake. If an administrator could eliminate it, I would be grateful! — Preceding unsigned comment added by Esploratoreludwig (talk • contribs)

              I just added a photo of Gerard Fowke to Wikimedia. He died in 1933. The photo came from the Filson Historical Society, and they gave me permission to post it. There is a message saying that there is no source information, and it might be deleted. So, how do I fix it? Thank you. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Kozman99 (talk • contribs)

              • Convenience link: File:Gerard Fowke.jpg - Jmabel ! talk 01:50, 20 November 2013 (UTC)
              • Source information is not the problem so much as authorship & rights. Presumably the photo is from the U.S., so U.S. copyright law would apply.
              • Ownership of the physical photo (which is presumably what the Filson Historical Society has) is completely independent of ownership of any intellectual property rights. Similarly, the death date of the subject is irrelevant: the issue would be the death date of the photographer.
              • Do you have any evidence that the photo was published before 1923? If it was, then under U.S. law that would put it in the public domain, and that would be simple. Otherwise, things get a little complicated. Rather than my try to explain it all here: did this come from a book or other publication pre-1923, and if so what? Or was it just a freestanding photo, possibly never published before? - Jmabel ! talk 01:55, 20 November 2013 (UTC)
              • Also, do you know anything about the date of the photo (other than no later than 1933)? Clearly it cannot be the 22 August 2013 that you indicate on the page. - Jmabel ! talk 01:57, 20 November 2013 (UTC)

              Hi I have a Image of ( Size 14 guitarist ) that I'd to use for his profile image, the image is:

              How do I upload this without someone deleting the image?. Could anyone help me with this please? :D

              • I get a "403 Forbidden" when I try to access, so I can't see what image you are talking about. However, I'm assuming it is what you say it is.
              • The English-language Wikipedia (but not Commons) allows for "fair use" of non-free images. See en:Wikipedia:Non-free use rationale guideline for how to do this for the English-language Wikipedia only. This is what I would recommend.
              • To place an image on Commons when you are not the copyright holder of the image, you would need to get an appropriate license granted by the rights holder. See COM:OTRS for how that can be done. But it is unlikely that they will want to free-license album artwork, so that's probably not going to happen in this case. - Jmabel ! talk 16:00, 20 November 2013 (UTC)

              Hi the image url for the image I'd like to use for is Would anyone be able to place the image on the profile for me? so it does not get deleted :D It is taken from this cd artwork: Thankyou!

              • Again: no one will be able to do this on Commons if you can't clear up the rights issue, and the image you are pointing to gives a "403 Forbidden". specifically says, "All images are copyrighted by their respective copyright owners," which is not the clearest way of saying "all rights reserved," but is certainly not a release of any rights. - Jmabel ! talk 15:33, 21 November 2013 (UTC)

              Occasionally, I noticed images originating from articles of PLoS ONE here on Commons. Is is 100% legal to upload images from that source or are there exceptions? --Gretarsson ( talk ) 19:08, 20 November 2013 (UTC)

              Since all their content is under a CC-BY license, I think it is always legal to upload them. Their policy specifically states:

              "Submitted manuscripts should not contain any images or figures that have already been published. This can cause serious copyright concerns. If authors must include previously published figures or images, please obtain express written permission from the copyright holder to publish under the CC-BY license."

              Hey guyz, what is the common/preferred way to prepare a free audio file ? Those traded at this project are usually <<.Ogg>> (not that I know what this format means in particular) and I guess editors should have a way to create them - say - by converting from mp3's, is that correct? Notably Ogg files don't work outside Wiki on the computer I'm working on, but I guess any of you can instruct me to come over it (if it's enough simple). Thanks! Orrling talk 01:50, 26 November 2013 (UTC)

              Commons:Audio gives the basics. - Jmabel ! talk 02:46, 26 November 2013 (UTC) Mmmm templated instructions, ok. Hope I'll have success following them. will come back upon possible failure. Thank you, Orrling talk 12:31, 26 November 2013 (UTC) Audacity is a pretty good editing tool, and the actual upload process is really the same as for images. - Jmabel ! talk 16:47, 26 November 2013 (UTC) Thanks. By mentioning Audacity do you mean the software where you can record voices and blend and export? That is a terrific program. But, you evidently can't render any file format there other than Wav (if I recall right), so what is the tool that actually generates the Ogg's? (Or can one upload WAVs?) Orrling talk 20:25, 26 November 2013 (UTC) Audacity exports to Ogg Vorbis, FLAC and a few other formats out of the box. —LX (talk, contribs) 21:49, 26 November 2013 (UTC) If Audacity can render free-format files then I guess I was quite oblivious, as I did record some Wikipedia-desired audios in the past, WAVed them out and waited to see how I could then turn those files uploadable to Commons :P .. Orrling talk 00:36, 27 November 2013 (UTC)

              So I uploaded a screenshot. Now it's your turn Orrling make a screen-recording of how you edit and export it and write or improve existing help pages!

              This section was archived on a request by: Rillke (q?) 12:44, 27 November 2013 (UTC) Hehe, ok. Thanks. Orrling talk 17:22, 27 November 2013 (UTC)

              Hi, is there a way to upload entire Flickr albums but automatically prefix something to all filenames? I have found one of >700 freely licensed useful (and interesting to me) images whose owner unfortunately gave them names starting with "DSC", which is blacklisted, so I need a way to circumvent that - I couldn't find a way in Flickr2Commons to do that. Also pinging User:Magnus Manske who made the tool. darkweasel 94 23:19, 13 November 2013 (UTC)

              • Maybe User:Fæ and his bot are able to help here. (Pinging does work on Commons like on EN doesn't it?) Liamdavies ( talk ) 15:46, 14 November 2013 (UTC)
                • Not a bot, but I do have an existing iMacro script that I have used for several large Flickr uploads and does exactly what you want by customizing the titles that F2C suggests. and can be configured to do other interesting things by playing with the ".replace()" regular expressions. Code below, definitely do not run as-is, it must be configured for your needs and watch out for dead code, I see at least 2 instances due to this being an on-going hack. One benefit is that everything is fixed in your browser before you attempt to upload. --Fæ ( talk ) 16:13, 14 November 2013 (UTC)
                    • Thank you Fæ. I will try to customize that to do what I want. :) darkweasel94 16:45, 14 November 2013 (UTC)

                    I've added a button to flickr2commons that can prefix all selected files with a string. --Magnus Manske ( talk ) 14:05, 22 November 2013 (UTC)

                    Für einen Beitrag in Wikivoyage habe ich das File

          'hypog%C3%A9e_de_Hal_Saflieni.png von Hamelin de Guettelet (Eigenes Werk) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons vom Wikimedia Commons

                    überarbeitet und die französischsprachige Legende durch eine deutsche ersetzt, kann ich das auf Commons hochladen zu Benutzung und wenn ja, wie muss ich vorgehen (ich muss irgendwie eine Referenz auf den Erstautor machen)? danke und lg Martin - Mboesch ( talk ) 20:59, 21 November 2013 (UTC)

                    Der Autor des Ausgangsbild hat sämtliche Rechte abgetreten. Das heißt man darf mit dem Bild machen was man will und muss niemanden nennen und keine Lizenz beachten. Es wäre allerdings am einfachsten, dieselbe Lizenz zu nehmen, "public domain", das heißt auch sämtliche Rechte abzutreten. Den ursprünglichen Autor kann man auch mit angeben, z.B. indem man im Feld "Quelle" einen Link auf das Ursprungsbild setzt. File:Plan de Hal Saflien-HE.png ist ein Beispiel für eine Übersetzung, wo jemand genau das gemacht hat. -- rimshot talk 23:35, 21 November 2013 (UTC) hab's versucht, im zweiten Anlauf mit dem Assistenten hat es nun wohl geklappt, das Bild ist zumindest auf der Wikivoyage - Seite drin. Besten Dank, lg Martin - Mboesch ( talk ) 09:47, 22 November 2013 (UTC)

                    Your site is using my biographical information (Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. but using the picture of my father (Clifton R. Wharton, Sr.) How can I upload to you my picture to replace the inaccurate one? CRW Jr. — Preceding unsigned comment added by WHARTONJR (talk • contribs)

                    • Assuming you mean File:Clifton-R.-Wharton,-Jr..jpg, that came from, so you might want to let the State Department know they are presenting your father's photo as yours.
                    • On our site, with reference to the photo we already have, you can correct the biographical information associated with the photo. I suggest leaving a note on the talk page indicating that the State Department had it wrong, or else someone is liable to assume the change is vandalism.
                    • You can upload a photo of yourself (using Special:Upload or any of the other upload tools). Either the photo you upload must be in the public domain (in which case you indicate that, and indicate why), or the copyright holder (typically the photographer) must grant a free license. See COM:OTRS for how that license must be granted. NOTE that the fact that you are the subject of the photo does not give you the copyright, so you can't release that copyright.
                    • I know this is all a bit tricky. If you have further questions, you can either ask here or on my talk page. I'll also inform the person who uploaded the mis-identified photo.
                    • Thanks for helping out. - Jmabel ! talk 01:56, 19 November 2013 (UTC)

                    Hello. I'm Bulba2036, and I'm the one who uploaded the picture File:Clifton-R.-Wharton,-Jr..jpg and incorrectly used it on the page Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. I now see that Clifton Sr. also worked for the State Department, serving as a career Foreign Service Officer and as the U.S.'s Ambassador to Norway in the Kennedy administration.

                    I would like to sincerely apologize for making this mistake, as the spread of misinformation on the internet (especially Wikipedia) is one of the reasons that I choose to be active in the online community to help quell inaccuracies and to further advance education in the world.

                    As I stumbled upon the Clifton Jr. page and noticed the lack of an image, I went to to do a quick image search of 'Clifton R. Wharton, Jr.' directed me to the webpage: And as you can see in the URL, it displays the image as 'Clifton_Wharton_Jr.' It didn't take me to an official state department biography, which, had it done so, it would have take me to this page of Clifton Sr.'s bio:

                    I would also agree that contacting the State Department, to correct this mistake in the misleading URL, would be a good idea. And I would also recommend uploading a replacement photo to WikiCommons.

                    I've since removed the image from the Clifton Jr. page and added it on Clifton Sr.'s. Again, I'm sorry for the error in judgment I made, as this is clearly a photo taken from an earlier generation. (And as someone who is familiar in dealing with Official State Department portraits, it isn't even consistent with those taken in the early 1990's.) I would like to thank you for pointing out this mistake as it is greatly appreciated by the Wikipedia community.

                    Bulba2036 ( talk ) 08:13, 24 November 2013 (UTC)

                    I need to upload an image published by the Badan Usaha Milik Negara/Ministry of State-owned Enterprises Indonesia, which is allowed under Article 14 item b of the Indonesia Copyright Law No 19, 2002. The thing is commons says I can't since I requested for a deletion before. Ominae ( talk ) 07:05, 24 November 2013 (UTC)

                    • "commons says I can't since I requested for a deletion before" doesn't make much sense. What particular action are you trying to take (e.g. are you uploading, and if so by which of the half dozen or more methods of uploading that exist) and precisely what message are you getting? - Jmabel ! talk 04:59, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                    I would like to reuse someone's elses picture (i.e. from one wikipedia site to another). For example this picture:[[7]]

                    How can I get this picture, and put it on another wikipedia page?

                    • I'm really not too sure. The tagging is odd, and I don't think we can host it here at Commons (I'm not even sure it should be at EN with that tagging). I suggest posting a message to the Village Pump of the local Wikipedia where you want to use it, asking about copying it over to that project. Or asking at the Commons Commons:Village pump/Copyright‎ message board. Sorry I can't be more help. Liamdavies ( talk ) 08:09, 24 November 2013 (UTC)
                      • That image was used on en-wiki strictly under fair use, and the uploader failed to fill out en:Template:Non-free use rationale (though they left enough information that I will now sort that out on en-wiki). However, Commons does not accept images on a non-free fair use basis. Some of the wikis allow this, some don't. If you want to do it for another en-wiki page, you'd have to fill out a Non-free use rationale for this image on that page. If you wanted to use it on a different wiki, that wiki's policies would apply, and if acceptable you'd need to upload separately to that wiki. - Jmabel ! talk 05:04, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                      I've split page 3 from this document published by the Naval Postgraduate School, US Navy - it is a tribal "family tree". Their terms of use can be seen here. I'm pretty sure that US government-generated stuff is PD but please could someone confirm the tags that I should be using if I were to convert the split PDF into a JPG. I'm likely to be uploading a few of these over the next few weeks if they are acceptable. Ta. - Sitush ( talk ) 15:54, 24 November 2013 (UTC)

                      You can use <> . Ruslik ( talk ) 09:54, 25 November 2013 (UTC) Lovely. Thanks very much. - Sitush ( talk ) 13:41, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Unexpected (new) results using template

                      Someone changing things? --Stunteltje ( talk ) 09:21, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                      What is exactly unexpected? Ruslik ( talk ) 09:57, 25 November 2013 (UTC) There were a hell of of a lot <<<<< >>>>> visible, this morning, in stead of the usual indications. It look like the problem is solved now. Thanks. --Stunteltje ( talk ) 10:10, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                      I have been trying to upload a document for Wikipeda but having trouble because it is in Word format ".Doc". I have also change it to PDF document but still no joy. What format do I need to change my document to? — Preceding unsigned comment added by Country music (talk • contribs)

                      Hello, Word files are not allowed, and PDF files are in scope only for old documents previously published. What kind of information do you want to upload? What does contain your file? Regards, Yann ( talk ) 10:36, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Hey there. A very funny bug that I can't decipher / uproot no matter what I try - at Category:Portals I only wanted to add a "See also category: Gates", and either when using the <> tag or any other fashion manipulated, a stupid red "Portal (architecture)" caption appears for just nothing, linked by an inexistent En page..(!?) I really tried to eliminate it out (- that Portals page contains quite a lot of text, with possibly misplaced code) but ended up still with only the option to remove the "See also" (which I don't desire). Thanqz for kicking it. Orrling talk 18:16, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Was this what you needed, or are there any other issues as well? —LX (talk, contribs) 19:05, 25 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Dear Help desk, I have encountered several stamp images on Commons that have been taken from eBay, and I would like to upload several images myself, but I am not sure how to fill out the forms properly for them. Please assist. Sincerely yours, Benjamin Folkman BFolkman ( talk ) 21:37, 25 November 2013 (UTC)[email protected]

                      • We'd need a more specific question. What fields are giving you difficulties?
                      • Do be aware that U.S. stamp images for stamps issued since 1978 are not public domain.
                      • Typically, for stamps up to and including 1977, the relevant license would be <> . - Jmabel ! talk 02:40, 26 November 2013 (UTC)


                      • You've linked to the help page for people having problems using Wikimedia Commons, the media repository for the Wikimedia Foundation. There isn't any obvious question here to answer. - Jmabel ! talk 02:42, 26 November 2013 (UTC)

                      i think this map needs a seperate colour for jurisdictions which have mandatory abortions, such as China. Can someone create a seperate colour and then colour in China please? Thanks Pass a Method ( talk ) 21:37, 24 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Please ask at COM:GVP for getting a how-to-do-it-yourself or at COM:GL/M for loading the work on someone else. I do not touch this file because it's not sourced at all, which I think would be a good idea to start with. -- Rillke (q?) 12:20, 27 November 2013 (UTC)

                      being a newbie, I cannot see how to add or get permission to add a paragraph of associated information. can you assist please? the item I wish to add is


                      A 55’ 0” British Registered schooner “Rights of Man” skippered by Ron W Arnold circumnavigated the Iberian Peninsula. The vessel, a Peterson Coaster Schooner sailed in 1995, from Cowes to Brest, crossed Biscay then down the Spanish and Portuguese coast to Gibraltar. The return leg was made in 1997, leaving Gibraltar they sailed along the Spanish coast to France and entered the Rhone Saone canal system at Sete. They motored through France to Rouen in only 25 days. Having the masts stepped in La Havre, she sailed back to Cowes.

                      20 Years earlier the same skipper circumnavigated the peninsular in the opposite direction traversing France through the Canal du midi in a 35 foot Lyon Class yacht.

                      Myschooner ( talk ) 00:07, 26 November 2013 (UTC)

                      I'm quite confused as to what you want to do. For starters, it would be the "Iberian peninsula", not the "Iberian peninsular". But, in particular, this is the help page for Wikimedia Commons. Are you trying to add this information to the description of some particular photo already on Commons, or what? - Jmabel ! talk 02:44, 26 November 2013 (UTC) I'm guessing Myschooner is looking to add text to en:Iberian Peninsula over at the English Wikipedia project. The editors there are probably going to want to see some references showing that the above passage is true and relevant to the article. —LX (talk, contribs) 22:20, 26 November 2013 (UTC)

                      how do I enter the definiyion of a texting term or abbreivation? Iwhich template is best for generqal use ? how do I load the template ?? — Preceding unsigned comment added by DISCOKIDD (talk • contribs) 00:29, 26 November 2013‎ (UTC)

                      Wikimedia Commons (this site) is a repository of free, educational media files used by Wikipedia, other Wikimedia projects, and others. We do not host dictionary definitions or other plain-text content. You may be looking for the Wiktionary project. —LX (talk, contribs) 22:26, 26 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Hi. I created the Flora of Albuquerque‎ and Animals of Albuquerque‎ subcategories, and placed all the images that were on the main Albuquerque page into those two subcats, but they're still showing up on the main Albuquerque cat page, even though I removed that main cat from each image. Any help? Thanks. Nightscream ( talk ) 00:34, 27 November 2013 (UTC)

                      • It's transclusions like User:Skoch3/Elena in File:Beetle, Albuquerque.JPG. It transcludes a page (as if it were a template) that contains a category. You should probably sort this out with User:Skoch3. My suggestion would be that User:Skoch3/Elena should have a parameter to suppress the category. - Jmabel ! talk 01:55, 27 November 2013 (UTC)
                      • Comment If this template is used by the author to tag images taken in Elena Gallegos Picnic Area would it not be best to change Category:Albuquerque, New Mexico to Category:Elena Gallegos Picnic Area (created appropriately of course), therefore automatically including numerous pictures to that cat. Let's use the template to aid our categorising job! Liamdavies ( talk ) 15:46, 27 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Hello, I am a student in a Design History class, our assignment is to work on an article. I could not find images that I needed in the Wikimedia commons, so I did a safe search on Google Images to find copyright free images. I received a message that my images may be deleted. Can anyone help? Thanks Allyscully 15:41, 26 November 2013 (UTC)

                      • I assume this is about File:Emil-ruder.jpg and File:Typographie-ruder.jpg. You don't provide any license tag on either page, so it is unclear on what basis you are saying these are PD. (Not that you are necessarily wrong, it's just that you need some template from Category:PD license tags or one of its subcategories.)
                      • Speaking of categories: you also should provide some appropriate categories for your images. - Jmabel ! talk 16:52, 26 November 2013 (UTC)
                      • Unless you can provide evidence that the images are freely licensed, either by a CC (or similar) license of are in the public domain we must delete the images. Don't worry though, you wish to use them on English Wikipedia, which has fair use provisions for unfree images, the head shot should be usable (but not in the 'sandbox', only in 'mainspace'). More info on fair use of images in English Wikipedia can be found at en:WP:NFCC. I hope this helps, Liamdavies ( talk ) 16:18, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      I would like to take a stock image of the human brain, found here on Wikimedia Commons, and create an image showing pathways/neural networks. The new image I am creating will simply be lines and arrows overlaid on the original image. It is to be used within a Wikipedia article that I am adding to. Is this acceptable use? — Preceding unsigned comment added by BrandonVerwijst (talk • contribs)

                      • Should be possible to do with any image here. If you intend to release it with the same license as the image you used, then it is pretty straightforward if you want to license differently, then it gets more complicated. If you want more concrete help about the licensing issues, you'll have to specify the particular image (or at least the particular license, and what license you want to use for the enhanced image). - Jmabel ! talk 01:06, 28 November 2013 (UTC)
                      • What type of help would you like? The file linked appears to be a copyvio, did you take the photograph? Or do you own the copyright to the photograph? Commons can only accept freely licensed content, unless the image is released under a free license we must delete it. Liamdavies ( talk ) 16:13, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Please take a comment on File talk:Windows 8 Start UI.svg. Some user claims that PNG version of file is an "Advertasing", I don't agree with it. --Rezonansowy ( talk ) 15:16, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      • I don't think that is what they mean. I think that they mean that to place it in "Other Versions" will advertise (ie give wide knowledge of) the files existence, and that as SVG files are better quality than PNG this shouldn't be done. They have now nominated the file for deletion, so this may, or may not, be a non-event anyway. Liamdavies ( talk ) 16:08, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Dear, I have uploaded this image I have designed the depicted game and can grant permission. I want to be sure that I only grant permission for the picture and not the game itself. How do I phrase this in the Thank you for your assistance. Best regards, Dennis

                      Sorry, that isn't possible. If there are copyrightable elements on the picture that are covered neither by freedom of panorama nor de minimis, these need to be released under a free license as well. You only need to release those parts that are actually visible on the photo, i.e. you do not need to grant permission to use anything else than the photo as a basis, but you still have to grant permission to e.g. crop a certain visible card out and then redistribute just that part according to the terms of a free license. darkweasel 94 12:15, 28 November 2013 (UTC) Darkweasel, despite usually agreeing with you on most things, I believe you are wrong here. It might be better to take this to Commons:Village pump/Copyright where experts are more likely to weigh in. As far as I know, as the creator of a game, Dennis is completely capable of free-licensing a particular image without free-licensing underlying content. An analogous example would be that a sculptor could free-license a photo of his or her own sculpture without free-licensing the sculpture, or a photographer could free-license a low-resolution version of a photograph without free-licensing a full-resolution version. - 22:21, 28 November 2013 (UTC) Yes, but the copyright holder cannot then sue people if they use only the photo to reproduce one of these cards. darkweasel 94 22:26, 28 November 2013 (UTC) True that the elements are effectively released at the level they could be re-derived from the image. Dennis, for your own protection you might want to release a lower-resolution version instead. - Jmabel ! talk 22:33, 28 November 2013 (UTC) Thank you all for your help and feedback! Much appreciated. I will release a lo-res verzion as Jmabel suggests. Regards, Dennis

                      Are there any copyright considerations regarding uploading a copy of a letter on a company Letterhead received in 1960 ? [topic was termination of my employment !!]

                      Would it be OK to upload same letterhead minus text ? Tfitzp (talk) 14:05, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      • It really depends. Would the letterhead be considered PD due to either age or a low threshold of originality in the country it was made? What type of information does the letterhead contain (ie images/logos and such things that may be considered copyright)? Liamdavies ( talk ) 16:11, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Obvious age - clearly has originality in UK but related to a past era - contains company name plus logo Tfitzp (talk) 21:30, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      • I don't see how the 1960s would be long enough to satisfy PD-old conditions (unless you can show that the logo itself is PD). More information about copyright in the UK can be found at Commons:Copyright rules by territory/United Kingdom, but without knowing exactly what the image is, what the content is, and what the logo is it is almost impossible to give any form of advice beyond that. If you have a particular article in mind for it's usage, you may find en:WP:NFCC useful if you don't think it can be hosted here. Liamdavies ( talk ) 17:06, 29 November 2013 (UTC)

                      I came across a company logo for a defunct company which has a wiki history page (American Management Systems) Stock symbol AMSY. I would like to upload the image but don't know if that is allowed. I have only this to contribute right now so I do not have 10 edits to confirm my account. Acount = chriswfoxus.

                      Can you point me in the right direction?

                      • Whether the company still exists or not has no bearing on the matter: some successor entity (typically some creditor, if they went bankrupt) would hold the surviving intellectual property rights.
                      • You don't point at a copy of the image if it was simple enough (or old enough, like pre-1923 in the US) it would be ineligible for copyright and we could host it (probably tagged with <> ). If not, then we can't. - Jmabel ! talk 22:27, 28 November 2013 (UTC)

                      Das Bild entstammt einer Firmenzeitschrift aus den 50ger Jahren. Schon damals kein Copyright angegeben. Die damalige Firma existiert seit 30 Jahren nicht mehr. Der Name wurde auf eine andere Firma übertragen. Was soll ich als Urheberrechtsinformation und Lizenzvorlage angeben, damit das Bild öffentlicht bleibt?

                      • The continued existence or non-existence of the firm has no bearing on the duration of copyright. There is always some successor who owns the copyrights until they expire: that could be the heirs of the photographer, it could be the State, and there are other possibilities. In most European countries, copyright persists for the life of the author plus 70 years, so works of anyone alive in 1943 are still in copyright. There is no particular reason to believe that the photographer died that soon after taking the photo. The only possibility I can think of is if the photographer was genuinely anonymous, rights might persist for only 70 years from the time the photo was taken. I suggest you bring the question to Commons:Village pump/Copyright. They may be better at sorting out the precise situation. (If someone can translate my remarks into German, it would be appreciated. I read German pretty well, but write it poorly.) - Jmabel ! talk 16:49, 29 November 2013 (UTC)

                      --Hanvyng ( talk ) 15:05, 29 November 2013 (UTC) I have a file that I found on Zimbio, a popular website to find photographs of celebrities. I have already uploaded the photograph but I will remove it until I get a reply. How would I categorize this photo? Thank you very much. --Hanvyng ( talk ) 15:05, 29 November 2013 (UTC)

                      • I'm sorry, but this file should simply be removed from Commons. The image is certainly not in the public domain, and you presumably don't own the rights to it, so you can't grant a free license. You could approach the rights-holder and see if you can get permission for some free license (see COM:OTRS for information about how to proceed on this) but in this case I'd say it's pretty unlikely that you will get that permission. Clearly "All rights reserved" does not show the intention of granting a free license. - Jmabel ! talk 16:55, 29 November 2013 (UTC)

                      I was recently notified that I photo I had uploaded was deleted for copyright violations (File:Dorothy Lake State Natural Area.jpg). There was no other info given. The photograph is my own photograph, and other photos I took, and uploaded here, were not deleted. Is there a way to find out the basis for deletion, and how I can remedy the situation? Thanks! Aarongunnar ( talk ) 20:20, 29 November 2013 (UTC)

                      It was deleted due to it being found on flickr. I have checked and that image on flickr is freely licensed, I will undelete it and upload the full size version from flickr. -mattbuck (Talk) 21:49, 29 November 2013 (UTC)

                      The Resample Tool

                      The key process in replacing or modifying the default data is known as resampling, and the key tool for this process is the resample.exe tool. This is a command line driven tool that takes information from a text file (a .inf file) and then processes the files referenced according to the parameters set. The following section describes the parameters that can be set in an .inf file, and this is followed by a number of worked examples.

                      The following are the four basic steps required to replace default data.

                      1. Acquire raw digital data (see the Resample Examples for some suggestions).
                      2. Create an .inf file for the raw data.
                      3. Run Resample.exe on the raw data to create a .bgl file.
                      4. Place the new files in the right folders for Prepar3D.

                      The resample tool is in the SDKEnvironment SDK folder. The simplest way to use it is to drag a single .inf file onto the Resample tool icon. This is equivalent to a call in the command line: Resample file.inf. Running Resample tool from the command line allows a few options and the use of multiple .inf files, with the following format:

                      Resample [-i, -q, ?] file1.INF[file2.INF&hellipfileN.INF]

                      • -i ignores all but the last [Destination] section.
                      • -q runs in quiet mode.
                      • ? prints a help message.

                      All .inf files are text files with at least two sections:

                      • [Source] provides information on what source file to use, and how to interpret it.
                      • [Destination] provides information on where the resulting files should be placed.

                      By default, the resampler scans each .inf file, collecting information from each [Source] section it encounters. Once a [Destination] section is found, it proceeds with the resampling process. If more [Source] sections are thereafter encountered, they are treated as a separate task and these sections will be used when the next [Destination] section is encountered. If the -i switch is specified, resample ignores all but the last [Destination] section, so considers the whole file as a single task.

                      Multiple .inf files are allowed because it is possible for the [Source] and [Destination] sections to be in separate files. This is convenient when you want to generate different resolutions of data from a single source file. Build an .inf file for the source data and multiple .inf files with [Destination] sections for each destination file. To generate one destination file from multiple source files, create an .inf file with a [Source] section for each file and a .inf file with a [Destination] section and list them all on the command line with the destination .inf file listed last.


                      To add a comment to an .inf file, either a whole line or information at the end of a line, add a semi-colon, this indicates to the Resample tool that any text following the semi-colon on the same line be ignored.

                      Source Parameters

                      If the file contains multiple source files, then the following section needs to be added to the top of the file (it has an identical [Source] directive to the parameters for a single file). All parameters are of the form Parameter = Value. There can be spaces or tabs either side of the equals sign.

                      [Source] section

                      It is possible to define more than one source image in a single .inf file. This is extremely useful when working with imagery that has seasonal and night time variations. To define multiple source images, set the value of the [Source] Type directive to MultiSource. Then add a NumberOfSource directive whose value is the number of source images you want to define. Finally, add additional sections with names like [Source1], [Source2], and so on that contain the source directives for each of the individual source images.

                      Parameter Description
                      Type = Multisource This directive simply informs the resample tool that this is a multi-source file.
                      NumberOfSources =n The number of [Source] sections in the file.

                      [Source] section

                      The parameters can be listed in any order in the section.

                      General Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      BMP/TGA GeoTiff/ Tiff Raw SDE Vector GDB
                      Type BMP
                      Windows bitmap
                      required required required required required
                      TGA Targa image file
                      GeoTIFF GeoTIFF file
                      TIFF For TIFF imagery that does not have GeoTIFF georeferencing tags
                      Raw Raw BIP, BIL, or BSQ file
                      SDE Remote SDE Geodatabase
                      VectorGDB Vector data in file or geodatabase
                      Layer Elevation

                      Cultural/environmental region data

                      Water classification data

                      Source Location Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      BMP/TGA GeoTiff/ Tiff Raw SDE Vector GDB
                      GDBDatabase text Geodatabase name required required if GDBType = Remote
                      GDBFeatureClass text Vector feature class name required
                      GDBInstance number Geodatabase instance (port number) required required if GDBType = Remote
                      GDBPassword text Geodatabase user password required required if GDBType = Remote
                      GDBRaster text Raster dataset name required
                      GDBServer text Geodatabase server name required required if GDBType = Remote
                      GDBType File Local data file required
                      Local Local Access database
                      Remote Remote SDE database
                      GDBUser text Geodatabase user name required required if GDBType = Remote
                      SourceDir text Source file directory, in quotes. required required required required if GDBType = File or Local
                      SourceFile text Source file name, in quotes. required required required required if GDBType = File or Local

                      Georeferencing Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      BMP/TGA GeoTiff/ Tiff Raw SDE Vector GDB
                      GCS (geographic coordinate system) WGS84 World Geodetic System of 1984 WGS84 optional optional
                      QMIDn Simulator quad mesh identifier (where n is level 0-30). See QMID and LOD Values.
                      QMC Simulator quad mesh coordinate system
                      QMIC Simulator quad mesh integer coordinate system
                      nCols integer Number of columns required required
                      nRows integer Number of rows required required
                      PixelIsPoint 0 or 1
                      0: (ulxMap,ulyMap) at corner of pixel area

                      1: (ulxMap,ulyMap) at center of pixel area

                      1 optional optional optional
                      ulxMap number Longitude of upper left pixel. required required for TIFF required required
                      ulyMap number Latitude of upper left pixel. required required for TIFF required required
                      xDim number Size of each pixel in the X direction (Longitude) in degrees. For example:
                      9e-6 is 9 x 10 to the power of minus 6 degrees. See the table in QMID and LOD Values for some comparisons of meters and degrees per pixel.
                      In order for a texture to be reliably rendered in the near distance, this value should not exceed 4.27484E-05 (4.75meters per pixel).
                      required required for TIFF required required
                      yDim number Size of each pixel in the Y direction (Latitude) in degrees. required required for TIFF required required

                      Sampling Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      BMP/TGA GeoTiff/ Tiff Raw SDE Vector GDB
                      Bias number. Bias added to sample values of each channel after scaling. For imagery sources use a comma-separated list: red,green,blue,[,land/water[,blend]]. For all other sources use a single value. 0.0 for all channels optional optional optional optional optional
                      Channel_Red integer.integer One based source number and zero based band number used for the red color channel. If no source number is specified, the current source is used.

                      The tool can read color, land/water mask, or blend mask channel from any band of any image. By default, red, green, and blue are read from bands 0, 1, and 2 respectively. The land/water mask is read from band 3 and the blend mask from band 4. To override the defaults, use the Channel_ parameters.

                      To use a data source only to provide one or more channels for another source and to avoid sampling it directly, use Layer=None.

                      This 8-bit blend mask channel for aerial imagery controls the transparency of the image when pasted onto the terrain. As an example this is used around the edges of the St. Maarten island image to blend gradually between the aerial photo water and the generic water. The blending channel is read from the 4th (zero-based) band of TIFF or GeoTIFF images, unless this parameter is used to change it.

                      Typically NullValue might be set to 255,255,255, as white indicating no data.

                      Majority value within sample window prevails

                      Dither between nearest neighbors when oversampling. Fallback to point sampling when downsampling.

                      Raw Data Source Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      BMP/TGA GeoTiff/ Tiff Raw SDE Vector GDB
                      BandGapBytes integer Number of bytes between bands (BSQ - Band Sequential layouts only). 0 optional
                      BandLayout BIL

                      Band interleaved by pixel

                      BIP: nCols * nBands * sizeof( SampleType)

                      Season Data Source Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      BMP/TGA GeoTiff/ Tiff Raw SDE Vector GDB
                      Month integer Month of the year (1-12) associated with Season data sources. optional optional optional optional optional

                      Imagery Data Source Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      BMP/TGA GeoTiff/ Tiff Raw SDE Vector GDB
                      Variation January
                      Day (all months)
                      LightMap or Night
                      All (day and night)
                      Temporal variation (month or time of day) associated with Imagery data sources. LightMap images are used at night during all months. To associate a single image with more than one temporal variation, use multiple values separated by commas. For example, to use a single image in both January and February, type "Variation = January,February" optional optional optional optional optional

                      Vector Data Source Parameters

                      Destination Parameters

                      The destination parameters are all held in a single [Destination] section, and the parameters can be listed in any order.

                      [Destination] section

                      [Destination] Location Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      DestDir text Destination file directory, in quotes. If the directory does not exist, the tool will create it. required
                      DestBaseFileName text Destination file name without an extension, in quotes. If the file already exists, it will be overwritten. required
                      SplitDirLOD number Segment the resampled data into multiple destination subdirectories based upon the bounds of cells with the given LOD. optional
                      SplitFileLOD number Segment the resampled data into multiple destination files based upon the bounds of cells with the given LOD. Must be greater than or equal to DestDirLOD (if used). optional

                      [Destination] Georeferencing Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      GCS (geographic coordinate system, for BIP files only) WGS84 World Geodetic System of 1984 WGS84 optional
                      QMIDn Simulator quad mesh identifier (where n is level 0-30). See QMID and LOD Values.
                      QMC Simulator quad mesh coordinate system
                      QMIC Simulator quad mesh integer coordinate system
                      NorthLat number North limit of sampling region in degrees. 90 optional
                      SouthLat number South limit of sampling region in degrees. -90 optional
                      EastLon number East limit of sampling region in degrees. 180 optional
                      WestLon number West limit of sampling region in degrees. -180 optional
                      BoundingCell level,u,v QMID of single cell to bound the sampling region, and horizontal and vertical co-ordinates.
                      See QMID and LOD Values.
                      MinBoundingCell level,u,v QMID of cell forming the northwest bound of the sampling region, and horizontal and vertical co-ordiinates. Must be used with MaxBoundingCell. optional
                      MaxBoundingCell level,u,v QMID of cell forming the southeast bound of the sampling region, and horizontal and vertical co-ordinates. Must be used with MinBoundingCell. optional
                      UseSourceDimensions 0 or 1 If set to 1, match the sampling region to the bounds of the data sources. When UseSourceDimensions is enabled with multi-source files, Resample computes the union of the dimensions of all source the files. 0 optional

                      [Destination] Sampling Parameters

                      Parameter Values Description Default Required
                      CompressionQuality integer Quality of compression. A value of 100 indicates lossless compression and best quality. Smaller values indicate higher compression and lower quality. 100 optional
                      LOD [min,]max Level of detail of each block of samples where LOD + 2 = QMID level. If this parameter is set as LOD=Auto, or LOD=Auto,max or LOD=min,Auto, appropriate levels of detail are chosen to match the resolution of the source data, within the range specified. Using LOD=min,max sets the range definitively. Sometimes it is valuable to create data at a single level of detail (using LOD=N, see Performance Tips for Aerial Imagery).
                      Refer to QMID and LOD Values.
                      7 for classification data and imagery. optional
                      MaxAutoLOD integer The maximum allowable LOD that can be selected if LOD=Auto. optional

                      The Geotiff File Format

                      Most of the data used by the simulator can be modified using files in the Geotiff file format. In general this is the recommended method for making changes to the default data, because much of the complexity of the parameters for the data is held within the file, which makes resampling using this format quite easy. Another advantage is clearly that the data is viewable with a simple bitmap viewer, such as Microsoft Paint. For full details of this file format, refer to the following document:

                      Note that the Resample tool interprets all atitudes to be in meters, even if the header of the data file specifies other units. If data is not available in meters, use the Scale parameter to convert to meters (for example: Scale=0.3048 to convert from feet to meters).

                      Data that can be updated using Geotiff files includes: elevation, land class, water class, and population density. Data that cannot be updated using this format includes region and season data, this information is specific to the simulator, and will need special treatment.

                      Using Scaled Elevation Values

                      The simulation supports scaled elevation values. The elevation resampler provides a capability whereby very precise elevation values can be specified at the expense of the range of these values. By default, the resampler expects elevation values to be in increments of one meter. However, with the BaseValue and FractionBits directive, you can specify different scalings for destination data. For example, if you have source data precise to 1/128 meter, then to represent the example data without any loss of accuracy, specify 9 bits for the whole number part and 7 bits for the fraction part, or a 9.7 number. Do this with the following directive:

                      Since 9 bits are reserved for the whole number part, the range is -512 to 511.984375 meters. This is a fairly narrow range. Unless the area on the earth represented by this data is below 512 meters (and above -512 meters), there would be a problem representing the magnitude of the elevations. An elevation of 1000 meters, for example, cannot be expressed with a "9.7" scaled number. It is outside of the range. To solve this problem, the directive BaseValue can be used to define a "zero point" for the elevation values. For example, if the following is specified:

                      FractionBits = 7
                      BaseValue = 1000

                      A value of zero in the source data indicates a height of 1000 meters. A value of 1 indicates a height of 1000 + 1/128 meter (or 1000.78125), and so on.

                      Use the FractionBits and BaseValue directives in the [Destination] section, in the [Source] section these parameters have a different, and now deprecated, purpose. The example below shows how to remove a terracing artefact from high resolution data of Mt St Helens using the FractionBits paramater of the [Destination] section.

                      Mt St Helens is an active volcano in southwest Washington State (height 2550 meters, 8364 feet).

                      Setting the FractionBits parameter to 3 provides a vertical resolution of 0.125m, rather than the default of 1.0m, corrects the terracing artefact.

                      QMID and LOD Values

                      QMID (Quad Mesh Identifier) values are an internal system used to optimize the textures required to represent the Earth, depending on the altitude the aircraft is flying at. Levels 0 and 1 are not used. At level 2 the Earth is divided into six quadrants, three for each hemisphere. Level 3 divides each of the quadrants in the higher level into four, and so on down to level 17 which gives a ratio of one pixel to 1.19 meters. Unfortunately the QMID levels do not match the LOD (Level of detail) levels exactly, there is an offset of 2 between these two indexing systems.

                      QMID level LOD Block size (degrees) One Pixel (degrees) Meters/pixel
                      2 0 90 0.350194553 38913.62
                      3 1 45 0.175097276 19456.81
                      4 2 22.5 0.087548638 9728.40
                      5 3 11.25 0.043774319 4864.20
                      6 4 5.625 0.02188716 2432.10
                      7 5 2.8125 0.01094358 1216.05
                      8 6 1.40625 0.00547179 608.03
                      9 7 0.703125 0.002735895 304.01
                      10 8 0.3515625 0.001367947 152.01
                      11 9 0.17578125 0.000683974 76.00
                      12 10 0.087890625 0.000341987 38.00
                      13 11 0.043945313 0.000170993 19.00
                      14 12 0.021972656 8.54967E-05 9.50
                      15 13 0.010986328 4.27484E-05 4.75
                      16 14 0.005493164 2.13742E-05 2.38
                      17 15 0.002746582 1.06871E-05 1.19
                      18 16 0.001373291 5.34354E-06 0.59
                      19 17 0.000686646 2.67177E-06 0.30
                      20 18 0.000343323 1.33589E-06 0.15
                      21 19 0.000171661 6.67943E-07 0.07
                      22 20 8.58307E-05 3.33972E-07 0.04
                      23 21 4.29153E-05 1.66986E-07 0.02
                      24 22 2.14577E-05 8.34929E-08 0.01
                      25 23 1.07288E-05 4.17464E-08 0.00
                      26 24 5.36442E-06 2.08732E-08 0.00
                      27 25 2.68221E-06 1.04366E-08 0.00
                      28 26 1.3411E-06 5.21831E-09 0.00
                      29 27 6.70552E-07 2.60915E-09 0.00

                      The QMID and LOD grids can be viewed using the TmfViewer tool, for example:

                      The following image shows the globe with the QMID level 3 grid. The highlighted area is the base area around Hawaii, which is the dem data that was loaded into the tool. This file is dem0003.bgl in the scenery003 folder.

                      The following image shows Hawaii and the QMID level 11 grid. Note the latitude and longitude co-ordinates of the pointer, which is in the grid square marked by the white circle, in the bar bottom right. The QMID level, u and v co-ordinates are in the bar, bottom left:

                      The following image shows Hawaii and the QMID level 12 grid (note the grid squares are one quarter the area of QMID level 11):

                      Performance Tips for Aerial Imagery

                      If aerial photography is being used to replace a large area with detailed imagery, involving the division of the target area into a large number of bgl files, there can be a significant increase in scenery load times. This can be due to an excessive amount of transparency within cells at one or more LOD level. Use the tmfViewer tool to examine the bgl files produced by the Resample tool, and note that transparent areas are shown in medium gray (see the image below).

                      If there is transparency within a cell at any LOD level, the terrain system has to load in multiple files to piece together the terrain texture for each cell. With a large amount of transparency, and a large number of bgl files containing images, this piecing together can become very time consuming. Minimize transparency within each LOD cell by preparing .inf files that target specific LOD levels. The default Destination parameter LOD=Auto should be changed to provide a minimum and maximum level, or simply one level, that minimizes transparency for the particular LOD settings. This will involve having several .inf files for each section of source data.

                      The number of bgl files used to hold image data at one level of detail should be reduced by a factor of four for the next level of detail. So, for example, if 16 files are used to hold an area at LOD 14, then four should contain all the imagery at LOD 13, and one at LOD 12. From then on there is no need to have one file for each level of detail, all the lower levels of detail can be placed in one file.

                      The image shows an an excessive amount of transpareny at one LOD level. If the rest of the cell was also made up of photo-imagery the terrain system would have to piece together the cell from many textures, which would cause a performance issue.

                      • Default land class textures will be used if the terrain system cannot find photo-imagery at LOD13 (5 meters per pixel) or greater detail. This can lead to default textures appearing when photo-imagery is desired. To ensure that the LOD13 requirement is met, consider using LOD=Auto,13 in the [Destination] section of the .inf file. Also be careful with the CompressionQuality setting, change the default of 100 to around 80, and adjust one way or the other to get an acceptable compromise of image quality and size.

                      Resample Examples

                      All sample .inf files are in the Environment SDK/Resample Examples folder. The output from running the samples will be placed in the Environment/Resample Examples/Output folder. The input is in the Environment/Resample Examples/SourceData folder, and can be examined just by double-clicking on the files to open them up in an image viewer.

                      Sample 1: Replacing Elevation Data

                      To run this sample, drag the DeathValley_Elevations.inf file onto the Resample tool icon.

                      Textures for all appropriate levels of detail are created by the Resample tool, and stored in the BGL files. For the Death Valley sample, the tool creates and stores textures only in LODs 2-10. You can confirm this by opening DeathValley_Elevations.bgl in TmfViewer by expanding the "Level of Detail" item on the View menu. When you do this you will notice that only levels 2-10 are enabled in the menu. All the other levels are grayed out because they do not exist in the bgl file. The images below show Death Valley elevation data from QMID level 2 to level 10.

                      Death Valley at QMID level 2
                      Death Valley at QMID level 4
                      Death Valley at QMID level 6
                      Death Valley at QMID level 8
                      Death Valley at QMID level 10

                      Notes on Acquiring Raw Digital Elevation Data

                      A DEM provides a digital representation of a portion of the earth's elevation points over a two-dimensional surface. A DEM is generated by sampling an array of elevation values derived from topographic maps, aerial photographs, or satellite images.

                      There are a number of places to get digital elevation data. Most terrain data available for free over the Internet is typically stored in formats such as the USGS DEM (Digital Elevation Model) ASCII, USGS TAR, or USGS Spatial Data Transfer Standard (SDTS) formats. All source data is expected to use WGS84 projection.

                      For example, this is a link to the USGS Seamless Data Warehouse You can use it to obtain DEM for any area in the United States that you want:

                      The raw data used when creating terrain must be in a binary file format, with each elevation point (measured in meters above mean sea level) being assigned a 16-bit integer. The resampler supports both LSB (least significant byte first) and MSB (most significant byte first) 16-bit integers.

                      The USGS DEM and SDTS formats are not compatible with the terrain tools included with this SDK, but there are converters available (free of charge) on websites that convert the data to a compatible binary form. For example, see the read_dem.exe tool that is available for download at After using this tool, you should be able to run the output DEM data through the Resample tool.

                      You may find that the source files you acquire come with a header file. This header file provides the information needed for some sections of the .inf file such as the bounding area.

                      Sample 2: Creating new Land Classifications

                      To run these samples, drag the LandClass_AutoWeightedMajority, LandClass_Dither, LandClass_ManualWeightedMajority, LandClass_PointSample and LandClass_SimpleMajority .inf files onto the Resample tool icon. The output can be viewed in TmfViewer, and should look like the images shown below. If an image is not showing in TmfViewer after loading, check the Level of Detail menu, to be sure that one of the appropriate levels of detail has been selected.

                      LandClass Auto Weighted Sample LandClass Dither Sample
                      LandClass Manual Weighted Sample LandClass Point Sample
                      LandClass Simple Majority Sample

                      Sample 3: Creating Custom Terrain Textures

                      To run these samples, drag the MillenniumImage and DayNight_Variations .inf files over the Resample tool icon.

                      The Millennium sample illustrates a couple of concepts, the use of a GeoTIFF image with Resample, using a source image with transparent "NullValue" pixels, setting the lossy compression quality to 75%, and using an automatic selection for the LOD levels. The Resample tool outputs a range of LODs appropriate for the source image. After the Resample tool finishes, open the resulting .BGL file in TmfViewer to view the imagery. You can also drop the .BGL file in Lockheed MartinPrepar3D v2Addon Sceneryscenery to view it in the simulation. The imagery will appear near N47.68, W122.1.

                      The DayNight_Variations sample shows how two different textures apply during different hours of the day. It also shows the use of multiple source files, and the providing of co-ordinates within the .inf file, rather than the raw data. The resulting textures can be viewed in TmfViewer, or in the simulation if the bgl file is moved to Addon Scenery/scenery. In TmfViewer chose different Levels of Detail to view the image, and check on Night in the Seasons/Variations submenu to see the nighttime image. To view the imagery in the simulation, use the Map feature and enter the location: N0 W122.308. You will be flying around the open Pacific and the images will be rendered onto the sea (see the screen shots below).

                      These samples show how to add custom satellite or aerial imagery to the terrain in Prepar3D. These are simply the textures used to render onto the terrain, to add buildings and trees to custom textures, follow the directions in the Autogen annotation document. Areas like New York City, Chicago, and Las Vegas were created using the methods discussed here, and in the Autogen document.

                      Millennium Buildings: note the white space around the edges is removed by setting the NullValue parameter to 255,255,255.
                      Dusk: note the merging of both the Day and Night variations

                      Notes on Acquiring Raw Terrain Imagery

                      More than likely, the image you want to use will be an aerial or satellite photo. The raw image must be either a 24-bit per pixel Windows .bmp file or a 32-bit per pixel Targa .tga file. For some file formats, you can use Imagetool to convert the image into the desired format. It is assumed that the image has been projected to the WGS84 Latitude/Longitude datum. The latitude and longitude of the northwest corner of the image must be known as well as the spacing (in decimal degrees) between the image pixels.

                      To add reflective water effects to an image, you must use the 32-bit per pixel Targa .tga format. The resampler tool uses the 8-bit alpha channel of the image to determine the location of water and land in the image. The alpha value of water and land pixels must be 0 and 255 respectively.

                      The north/south extent of each terrain texture pixel is about 1.19 meters in Prepar3D. The resampling process will filter the raw image to the right size.

                      • If the raw image is more than 1.19 meters per pixel (low resolution), the final result may appear blurry.
                      • If the raw image is less than 1.19 meters per pixel (high resolution), some fine details might be lost.

                      Sample 4: Custom Terrain Texture with Water and Blend Channels

                      To run this sample drag the MilleniumImage_water_blend.inf file over the Resample tool icon.

                      The sample shows the use of the water and blend channels, and can be compared with the Millennium Buildings in Sample 3.

                      The following image shows the source: Millennium_water_blend.tif
                      The following image shows the Millennium_water_blend.bgl file, loaded into TMFViewer, with the Level of Detail set to 17.
                      The following image shows the Millennium_water_blend.bgl file, loaded into TMFViewer, with the missing data and water mask menu items selected.

                      Sample 5: Multiple Source and Blend Channels

                      This sample shows how to read the land/water mask and/or blend mask from separate files from the main color channels. The land/water mask only controls the location of water effects (such as reflections, specular highlights and animated swells) and has no effect on the base color of the texture. This enables the color of the source image to be preserved while still applying the water effects to it.

                      To run this sample drag the Multichannel_Multisource.inf file over the Resample tool icon. The location of the sample terrain is at Latitude 0.0, Longitude -122.308, which can be viewed after placing the bgl output file into the simulation. Examine the Blend Mask and LandWater Mask files and the following screen shot taken from within Prepar3D. Also note that a good example of this technique is used for the island of St. Maarten (go to the airport TNCM and view the coastline).

                      Place the new Files in Prepar3D

                      The easiest way to add a new .bgl file to Prepar3D is to copy it into the Addon SceneryScenery directory. Files in this directory are treated as higher priority than those in other directories, so new terrain data here will be rendered in preference to lower priority data elsewhere. However, for complex new additional scenery, it is probably more useful to create a folder for the custom scenery area. This will enable a user to select and deselect the scenery using the Scenery Library dialog.

                      To create the appropriate directories:

                      1. Create a new scenery area folder, with an appropriate name. Within each scenery area, create two subdirectories: Scenery and Texture.
                      2. Place any .bgl files into the Scenery directory.
                      3. Place any necessary .bmp files into the Texture directory.
                      4. Run Prepar3D and choose Scenery Library under the Settings tab.
                      5. Click the Add Area button and fill in the blanks. The new scenery area will not be visible in Prepar3D until you restart the program.

                      The final step is to view the new data within Prepar3D, and go back and repeat the resampling steps if it is not quite right (possibly resampling to a higher or lower resolution).

                      Just checking.

                      . images taken from Google Earth aren't free, are they? In that case, someone has to delete Image:Dom Aquino Vista google earth.png and contact the uploader (I'm not sure his other 2 uploads are free actually). Thank you. --TwoWings (jraf) * Wanna talk? -) 08:48, 25 October 2007 (UTC)
                      Oh and that one doesn't seem right either. --TwoWings (jraf) * Wanna talk? -) 08:51, 25 October 2007 (UTC)

                      Yes, Google Earth images are not free. Image:Dom Aquino Vista google earth.png and Image:Googleearth1.jpg was deleted. --GeorgHH 09:04, 25 October 2007 (UTC) GEarth images are not permitted within the Wikimedia Foundation, but it's not because of copyrights: Google Earth permits users to upload their photos to the internet, but they're not permitted because of the non-commercial clause. -- Bossi (talk • gallery • contrib) 22:50, 25 October 2007 (UTC)

                      Something else: Template:PD-US-no notice says "published (. ) without a copyright notice". How can we know there wasn't any copyright notice with a work? For instance: Cleopatra had no copyright notice? --TwoWings (jraf) * Wanna talk? -) 09:13, 25 October 2007 (UTC)

                      In the end the source material would have to be examined. For many films, such as Cleopatra, the images on Commons are from the movie trailers, which were distributed without copyright notices. Sometimes an oversight was made and a whole film was released without a copyright notice. See for instance Category:Night of the Living Dead. William Avery 10:59, 25 October 2007 (UTC)