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5.5.4: Northern California - Geosciences

5.5.4: Northern California - Geosciences


Overview

What about the onshore Gorda Plate in northern California? An earthquake of M 6.75 on November 23, 1873, on the thinly settled Oregon-California border may have been a slab earthquake. After this earthquake, cracks in the ground appeared on the trail between Crescent City and Gasquet in the Smith River Valley, and all the chimneys were knocked down. The highest intensity recorded was VIII, in a limited area in the northwestern corner of California, but intensities of V were felt over a broad area from Red Bluff in the south to McMinnville, Oregon, in the northern Willamette Valley. Newspaper accounts did not report any aftershocks.


Early Neutral Evaluation (ENE)

The goals of Early Neutral Evaluation (ENE ) are to:

  • enhance direct communication between the parties about their claims and supporting evidence,
  • provide an assessment of the merits of the case by a neutral expert,
  • provide a “reality check” for clients and lawyers,
  • identify and clarify the central issues in dispute,
  • assist with discovery and motion planning or with an informal exchange of key information, and
  • facilitate settlement discussions, when requested by the parties.

North American Entries

Purse $17,000. For Three Year Olds And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. Non-winners of two races since May 1 Allowed 2 Lbs. A race since then Allowed 4 Lbs. Claiming Price $16,000, if for $14,000, allowed 1 lb. (Maiden, Claiming, and Starter races for$12,500 or less not considered). Five And One Half Furlongs.

Breeders: 2 - E. H. Lane III 3 - Mr. & Mrs. Larry D. Williams 4 - Calumet Farm

Equipment Changes: 2 - Sweet River Baines - Blinkers On

Pleasanton Entries for June 25 , 2021

Race 1 - POST Time - 2:45 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta $2 Daily Double / $1 Pick 3 (Races 1-2-3) Pick 4 (50-cent min)(Races 1-4)

Pleasanton CLAIMING $16,000 &ndash $14,000

Purse $17,000. For Three Year Olds And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. Non-winners of two races since May 1 Allowed 2 Lbs. A race since then Allowed 4 Lbs. Claiming Price $16,000, if for $14,000, allowed 1 lb. (Maiden, Claiming, and Starter races for$12,500 or less not considered). Five And One Half Furlongs.

Hot Sean (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey I Orozco
Trainer S M Sherman
Owner Greg Avery or Steve Sherman
Sire Flatter
Dam Stormy B
Dam Sire Cherokee Run
Breeder Brookfield Stud

Sweet River Baines (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey A Ayuso
Trainer J Wong
Owner Madden Racing or MJVET Stables
Sire Stroll
Dam Winlocs Glory Days
Dam Sire Belong to Me
Breeder E. H. Lane III

Strike It Lucky (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey A Espinoza
Trainer J Bonde
Owner Jeff Ganje
Sire Lucky Pulpit
Dam Heat Striker
Dam Sire Unusual Heat
Breeder Mr. & Mrs. Larry D. Williams

Foreign Protocol (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey F T Alvarado
Trainer Q Howey
Owner Sir Vronski LLC or Keith or Jean Hembree
Sire Raison d'Etat
Dam Winning Image
Dam Sire Southern Image
Breeder Calumet Farm

Linfield (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey E A Roman
Trainer J Wong
Owner Madden Racing
Sire Empire Maker
Dam Snow Kid
Dam Sire Lemon Drop Kid
Breeder Gainesway Thoroughbreds Ltd.

Equipment Changes: 2 - Sweet River Baines - Blinkers On

Race 2 - POST Time - 3:15 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double / $1 Pick 3 (Races 2-3-4) .20 GOLD RUSH Pick 6 (Races 2-7)

Pleasanton MAIDEN SPECIAL WEIGHT

Purse $26,000. (Plus $7,800 &ndash CBOIF - California Bred Owner Fund). For Maidens, Three Years Old And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. (Non-starters For Claiming Price $16,000 Or Less In The Last Three Starts Preferred.)(If A Cal-Bred Wins This Race, The Owner Will Receive A $10,000 Incentive Award Directly From The California Thoroughbred Breeders' Association.). One Mile And Seventy Yards.

Breeders: 1 - Ashview Farm, Mike Duffy & Geri Duffy 2 - William L. Hedrick & Judy Hedrick 3 - Ben Bryan 4 - Craig Martin 5 - Lou Neve 6 - Curtis C. Lanning & Lila L. Lanning LLC.

Equipment Changes: 5 - Twice the Price - Blinkers On

Race 2 - POST Time - 3:15 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double / $1 Pick 3 (Races 2-3-4) .20 GOLD RUSH Pick 6 (Races 2-7)

Pleasanton MAIDEN SPECIAL WEIGHT

Purse $26,000. (Plus $7,800 &ndash CBOIF - California Bred Owner Fund). For Maidens, Three Years Old And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. (Non-starters For Claiming Price $16,000 Or Less In The Last Three Starts Preferred.)(If A Cal-Bred Wins This Race, The Owner Will Receive A $10,000 Incentive Award Directly From The California Thoroughbred Breeders' Association.). One Mile And Seventy Yards.

Theultimatepraise (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey F T Alvarado
Trainer T McCanna
Owner Cindy Desimone, Fred Desimone or Bruce Philipie
Sire Flatter
Dam Oil Empress
Dam Sire Empire Maker
Breeder Ashview Farm, Mike Duffy & Geri Duffy

Thatsabadboy (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey E A Roman
Trainer Q Howey
Owner William &/or Judy Hedrick
Sire Vronsky
Dam Bad Anne
Dam Sire Bold Badgett
Breeder William L. Hedrick & Judy Hedrick

Barhopsky (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey H Herrera
Trainer A B Torres
Owner Ben C. Bryan
Sire Vronsky
Dam I'llflytoky
Dam Sire Unbridled Native
Breeder Ben Bryan

Investment Account (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey M King
Trainer Q Howey
Owner Maijala, Martin or Yamamoto
Sire Acclamation
Dam Wise Investor
Dam Sire Belong to Me
Breeder Craig Martin

Twice the Price (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey I Orozco
Trainer B W Galvin
Owner Louis or Raelene Neve
Sire Violence
Dam Goodlookinlucky
Dam Sire Lookin At Lucky
Breeder Lou Neve

Tribal Nation (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey A Espinoza
Trainer A Mathis
Owner Begley, Mathis, Panian, Porreca or Underwood
Sire Papa Clem
Dam Tribal Feathers
Dam Sire Tribal Rule
Breeder Curtis C. Lanning & Lila L. Lanning LLC.

Equipment Changes: 5 - Twice the Price - Blinkers On

Race 3 - POST Time - 3:45 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double / $1 Pick 3 (Races 3-4-5) $1 Pick 5 (50-cent min.)(Races 3-4-5-6-7)

Pleasanton STARTER ALLOWANCE $50,000

Purse $17,000. (Plus $2,040 &ndash CBOIF - California Bred Owner Fund). For Fillies Three Years Old Which Have Started For A Claiming Price Of $50,000 Or Less And Which Have Never Won Two Races. Weight, 120 Lbs. (One win For $20,000 Or Less Not Considered). One And One Sixteenth Miles.

Breeders: 1 - William D. Graham 3 - Dr. & Mrs. William T. Gray 4 - Willow Tree Farm, Inc. 5 - Julio Enciso 6 - Mr Stuart Counsell

Race 3 - POST Time - 3:45 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double / $1 Pick 3 (Races 3-4-5) $1 Pick 5 (50-cent min.)(Races 3-4-5-6-7)

Pleasanton STARTER ALLOWANCE $50,000

Purse $17,000. (Plus $2,040 &ndash CBOIF - California Bred Owner Fund). For Fillies Three Years Old Which Have Started For A Claiming Price Of $50,000 Or Less And Which Have Never Won Two Races. Weight, 120 Lbs. (One win For $20,000 Or Less Not Considered). One And One Sixteenth Miles.

Stellaczar (ON) Live Odds:

Jockey F Monroy
Trainer F Lucarelli
Owner Darrin Paul
Sire Tapizar
Dam Souci Girl
Dam Sire Bluegrass Cat
Breeder William D. Graham

Sojourner Truth (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey C Herrera
Trainer D Franko
Owner Joseph Franko
Sire Grazen
Dam Jeannie's Genie
Dam Sire Broken Vow
Breeder Michael Allen

Silk Road Sally (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey C Martinez
Trainer F Rondan
Owner Dr. & Mrs. William T. Gray
Sire Southern Image
Dam She's Outta There
Dam Sire Old Topper
Breeder Dr. & Mrs. William T. Gray

Ranger Molly (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey A Ayuso
Trainer V M Trujillo
Owner Marron Road Ventures LLC
Sire U S Ranger
Dam Oh Molly Brannigan
Dam Sire Utopia (JPN)
Breeder Willow Tree Farm, Inc.

La Vikina (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey E A Roman
Trainer I Tamayo
Owner Julio Enciso
Sire Many Rivers
Dam Roman Angel
Dam Sire Roman Ruler
Breeder Julio Enciso

Party Spirit (GB) Live Odds:

Jockey I Orozco
Trainer M Badilla
Owner Ronald L. Charles or Samuel Gordon
Sire Night of Thunder (IRE)
Dam Party Line (GB)
Dam Sire Montjeu (IRE)
Breeder Mr Stuart Counsell

Race 4 - POST Time - 4:15 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double / $1 Pick 3 (Races 4-5-6) $1 Pick 4 (50-cent min.)(Races 4-5-6-7)

Pleasanton CLAIMING $16,000 &ndash $14,000

Purse $17,000. For Fillies And Mares Three Years Old And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. Non-winners of two races at a mile or over since May 1 Allowed 2 Lbs. One such race since then Allowed 4 Lbs. Claiming Price $16,000, if for $14,000, allowed 1 lb. (Maiden, Claiming, and Starter races for $12,500 or less not considered). One Mile And Seventy Yards.

Breeders: 1 - Melksham Craic 2 - Nordic Thoroughbreds 3 - Bill Delia, Patricia A. George &Mike Stone 4 - Sherrie A. Monroe & Rose Marie Lewis 6 - Calumet Farm

Sire of Rev Ree standing at Calumet Farm

Equipment Changes: 1 - Escape The City (GB) - Blinkers On

Race 4 - POST Time - 4:15 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double / $1 Pick 3 (Races 4-5-6) $1 Pick 4 (50-cent min.)(Races 4-5-6-7)

Pleasanton CLAIMING $16,000 &ndash $14,000

Purse $17,000. For Fillies And Mares Three Years Old And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. Non-winners of two races at a mile or over since May 1 Allowed 2 Lbs. One such race since then Allowed 4 Lbs. Claiming Price $16,000, if for $14,000, allowed 1 lb. (Maiden, Claiming, and Starter races for $12,500 or less not considered). One Mile And Seventy Yards.

Escape The City (GB) Live Odds:

Jockey A Sanguinetti
Trainer M Badilla
Owner Ronald L. Charles or Samuel Gordon
Sire Cityscape (GB)
Dam Jasmeno (GB)
Dam Sire Catcher In The Rye (IRE)
Breeder Melksham Craic

Smiling Ann (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey C Martinez
Trainer B McLean
Owner Chris Carpenter
Sire Trappe Shot
Dam Woman Smiling (IRE)
Dam Sire Mr. Greeley
Breeder Nordic Thoroughbreds

Mollie O ' McEvoy (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey A Ayuso
Trainer B D Wright
Owner George, George, George, George, Stone or Stone
Sire Clubhouse Ride
Dam Mollie O
Dam Sire Game Plan
Breeder Bill Delia, Patricia A. George &Mike Stone

Odessa (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey I Orozco
Trainer T McCanna
Owner Kevin Glatt
Sire Acclamation
Dam River Ella
Dam Sire Percifal
Breeder Sherrie A. Monroe & Rose Marie Lewis

Blushing Bay (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey E A Roman
Trainer I Tamayo
Owner Raymond Brogliatti or Michael or Dorothy Fried
Sire Liaison
Dam Seresa's Spirit
Dam Sire Rahy
Breeder Franklin D Franklin & Hank Bird

Rev Ree (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey A Espinoza
Trainer S M Sherman
Owner Joe Caso
Sire English Channel
Dam Elated
Dam Sire Kitten's Joy
Breeder Calumet Farm

Equipment Changes: 1 - Escape The City (GB) - Blinkers On

Race 5 - POST Time - 4:45 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double $1 Pick 3 (Races 5-6-7)

Pleasanton MAIDEN CLAIMING $5,000

Purse $8,500. For Maidens, Three Years Old And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. Claiming Price $5,000. Five And One Half Furlongs.

Breeders: 1 - Norman Tavares 2 - Victory Rose Thoroughbreds 3 - Daehling Ranch 4 - Rozamund Barclay 5 - Robert Harmon 7 - Zaun Racing Stable 8 - Richard Barton Enterprises

Race 5 - POST Time - 4:45 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double $1 Pick 3 (Races 5-6-7)

Pleasanton MAIDEN CLAIMING $5,000

Purse $8,500. For Maidens, Three Years Old And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. Claiming Price $5,000. Five And One Half Furlongs.

Another Chapter (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey J E Rodriguez
Trainer S Ledezma
Owner Howard & Janet Siegel Racing, LLC
Sire Mucho Macho Man
Dam Durant
Dam Sire Stevie Wonderboy
Breeder Norman Tavares

Proof of Paranoia (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey C Herrera
Trainer M Trujillo
Owner Nancy Salas-Ibarra or Floriberta Trujillo
Sire Idiot Proof
Dam Real Paranoide
Dam Sire Paranoide (ARG)
Breeder Victory Rose Thoroughbreds

Moogie Cat (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey F Duran
Trainer J R Thomas
Owner Timothy Francis O'Leary
Sire Peppered Cat
Dam Moogie
Dam Sire Matty G
Breeder Daehling Ranch

Longford (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey P Flores
Trainer J F Puertas
Owner Thomas Greger or Jerry Puertas
Sire Northern Causeway
Dam Avanti
Dam Sire Gone Astray
Breeder Rozamund Barclay

Fine Red Reserve (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey F Monroy
Trainer A Tekos, Jr.
Owner John Becerra or Tom Halasz
Sire Boat Trip
Dam Rossi Reserve
Dam Sire Eddington
Breeder Robert Harmon

Texas Bob (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey F T Alvarado
Trainer C DeLima
Owner Barbara DeLima
Sire Smiling Tiger
Dam Charisma Matters
Dam Sire Charismatic
Breeder Harris Farms

Call Me Z (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey S R Amador
Trainer S Ledezma
Owner Zaun Racing Stable
Sire Unusual Heatwave
Dam Callmelauryn
Dam Sire Demons Begone
Breeder Zaun Racing Stable

Another Champ (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey B Pena
Trainer V M Trujillo
Owner Juan Heredia
Sire Champ Pegasus
Dam Roman Romance
Dam Sire San Romano
Breeder Richard Barton Enterprises

Race 6 - POST Time - 5:15 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double

Pleasanton ALLOWANCE OPTIONAL CLAIMING $50,000

Purse $27,000. (Plus $8,100 &ndash CBOIF - California Bred Owner Fund). For Fillies Three Years Old Which Have Never Won $15,000 Once Other Than Maiden, Claiming, Or Starter Or Which Have Never Won Two Races Or Claiming Price $50,000. Weight, 120 Lbs. Claiming Price $50,000 (Non-starters For Claiming Price $16,000 Or Less In The Last Three Starts Preferred.)(Cal-bred Or Cal-sired Horses That Have Won An Open First Condition Allowance Race In Northern California Must Carry An Additional 2 Lbs. Unless Entered For A Claiming Price.). Six Furlongs.

Breeders: 1 - Stuart Tsujimoto 2 - George Schmitt & Clare Schmitt 3 - Remmah Racing Inc. 4 - Dr. & Mrs. William T. Gray 5 - Scott Herbertson 6 - Premier Thoroughbreds LLC 7 - Indian Creek, John and Riley Hess, Dr.William Hess & John Hess

Equipment Changes: 3 - Hot Rageous - Blinkers off

Race 6 - POST Time - 5:15 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) $2 Daily Double

Pleasanton ALLOWANCE OPTIONAL CLAIMING $50,000

Purse $27,000. (Plus $8,100 &ndash CBOIF - California Bred Owner Fund). For Fillies Three Years Old Which Have Never Won $15,000 Once Other Than Maiden, Claiming, Or Starter Or Which Have Never Won Two Races Or Claiming Price $50,000. Weight, 120 Lbs. Claiming Price $50,000 (Non-starters For Claiming Price $16,000 Or Less In The Last Three Starts Preferred.)(Cal-bred Or Cal-sired Horses That Have Won An Open First Condition Allowance Race In Northern California Must Carry An Additional 2 Lbs. Unless Entered For A Claiming Price.). Six Furlongs.

Emma's Dance (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey F Duran
Trainer E Moger, Jr.
Owner Stuart Tsujimoto
Sire Curlin to Mischief
Dam Joyful Emma
Dam Sire Tribal Rule
Breeder Stuart Tsujimoto

Swift Nonni (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey S R Amador
Trainer M Stortz
Owner Orsi, Schmitt, Schmitt or Stortz
Sire Run Brother Ron
Dam Free Sunset
Dam Sire Sierra Sunset
Breeder George Schmitt & Clare Schmitt

Hot Rageous (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey W Antongeorgi III
Trainer S Miyadi
Owner Eclipse Thoroughbred Partners, Wachtel Stable| & Gary Barber
Sire Idiot Proof
Dam Iforgottobeme
Dam Sire Free At Last
Breeder Remmah Racing Inc.

Do You Hear That (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey A Espinoza
Trainer Q Howey
Owner Dr. & Mrs. William T. Gray
Sire Southern Image
Dam Cochinero
Dam Sire Comic Strip
Breeder Dr. & Mrs. William T. Gray

Jasmine Chieftain (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey A Ayuso
Trainer T McCanna
Owner Thelma & Louise Stable LLC
Sire Bold Chieftain
Dam Deputy Miss
Dam Sire Posse
Breeder Scott Herbertson

The Great Haynes (CA) Live Odds:

Jockey F Monroy
Trainer J R Thomas
Owner Stewball Stable, Rudy, Smolich or Thomas
Sire Haynesfield
Dam Greatest Escape
Dam Sire Game Plan
Breeder Premier Thoroughbreds LLC

Ida Claire (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey I Orozco
Trainer O J Jauregui
Owner Highland Yard, LLC
Sire Declaration of War
Dam Lemarchos
Dam Sire Lemon Drop Kid
Breeder Indian Creek, John and Riley Hess, Dr.William Hess & John Hess

Empire House (KY) Live Odds:

Jockey E A Roman
Trainer J Wong
Owner Tommy Town Thoroughbreds LLC
Sire Empire Maker
Dam Mama Yay
Dam Sire Mineshaft
Breeder Lakland Farm

Equipment Changes: 3 - Hot Rageous - Blinkers off

Race 7 - POST Time - 5:45 PM PT

$1 Exacta / $1 Trifecta / $1 Superfecta (10-cent min.) .20 GOLD STRIKE Super High 5

Pleasanton MAIDEN SPECIAL WEIGHT

Purse $36,000. (Includes $10,000 &ndash CBOIF - California Bred Owner Fund). For California Bred Or California Sired Maidens, Fillies And Mares Three Years Old And Upward. Three Year Olds, 122 Lbs. Older, 125 Lbs. (Non-starters For Claiming Price $16,000 Or Less In The Last Three Starts Preferred.)(If A Cal-bred Wins This Race,The Owner Will Receive A $10,000 Incentive Award Directly From The California Thoroughbred Breeders' Association.). Six Furlongs.


5.5.4: Northern California - Geosciences

A couple of weeks ago we took a camping trip up to the Northern California Redwood forests. For a tree lover like me, walking into these forests was like walking into a cathedral. The sounds are hushed, the light dimmed and trees stretching way up into the sky. I wished I'd visited this area more in the last ten years, but this was our first trip.

I shot with the Sony A7R IV and Voigt 15/4.5 and Sony 25-105. A really nice travel and hiking kit.






A sunstar walked into a redwood forest (thanks Nexed!)

Wow impressive trees and green world. Well done set

So serene. It would be fantastic to live within a reasonable distance of natural wonders such as this. Love the third shot.


5.5.4: Northern California - Geosciences

Sunset near Crescent City. Ca. C+C welcome

Beautiful and evocative. Just the right shutter speed to catch the movement in the water.
I like your processing, very natural especially your northen cali forest fire and Milky Way.

Beautiful colour palette - very nicely processed.

DaleBerlin wrote:
Very nice well done.

---------------------------------------------
Thanks very much John!
JohnC wrote:
Beautiful and evocative. Just the right shutter speed to catch the movement in the water.
I like your processing, very natural especially your northen cali forest fire and Milky Way.

---------------------------------------------
Thank You!
dakel wrote:
Beautiful colour palette - very nicely processed.

Very well seen and shot. love the play of light and shadow

Sunny Sra wrote:
Very well seen and shot. love the play of light and shadow


Biden administration, Gov. Newsom open California coast to offshore wind farms

LOS ANGELES — California and the U.S. government announced an agreement Tuesday to open up areas off the state’s central and northern coasts to the first commercial wind energy farms on the Pacific Coast.

The pact that would float hundreds of turbines off the coast of Morro Bay and Humboldt Bay was touted as a breakthrough to eventually power 1.6 million homes and help the state and federal government reach ambitious climate change goals through clean energy production.

“California, as we all know, has a world-class offshore wind resource, and it can play a major role in helping to accelerate California’s and the nation’s transition to clean energy,” National Climate Advisor Gina McCarthy said.

The plan includes floating 380 windmills across a nearly 400-square-mile (1,035-square-kilometer) expanse of sea 20 miles (32 kilometers) northwest of Morro Bay. The site could be finalized next month and could be put up for lease next year.

The announcement is part of President Joe Biden’s plan to create 30 gigawatts of offshore wind energy by 2030.

The new projects — if approved and built — would provide a major expansion of offshore wind power in the U.S. Currently, there are just two working offshore wind farms — off Block Island in Rhode Island and off Virginia — but more than two dozen others are in development.

The projects will require several stages of approval — from an early review by the Coastal Commission to federal and state environmental reviews after a lease sale, said Sandy Louey of the California Energy Commission.

California Gov. Gavin Newsom, a Democrat, said he included $20 million in his revised budget proposal this month that would help expedite environmental review of the projects.

“We value process but not the paralysis of a process that takes years and years and years that can be done in a much more focused way,” Newsom said.

Environmental groups — including Audubon and the Natural Resources Defense Council — issued statements in support of the project with the caveat that fish, seabirds and marine mammals are protected.

The Environmental Defense Center, which was founded in Santa Barbara after a massive offshore oil spill in 1969, echoed that sentiment, calling for minimal harm to species and coastal communities.

“We must remain vigilant in our efforts to ensure offshore wind is a net positive for California by also implementing robust environmental protections,” Kristen Hislop said in a statement.

Fishermen, however, are concerned that construction and operation of projects on this scale could disrupt the ecosystem and that they were not consulted on the impact the locations could have on their industry.

“We feel we’ve not been invited to have a seat at the table. We feel we’re on the menu,” said Mike Conroy, executive director of The Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations.

The area off Morro Bay is a fishery for tuna and sword fish and he’s concerned that the floating turbines could change migratory patterns of whales and other species. If blue and humpback whales, for example, are forced closer to shore, it could bring closures of Dungeness crab fishing.

The areas were chosen by agreement with the state, the Department of Interior, which oversees the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, and the Department of Defense, which conducts training and weapons testing off the coast.

The agreement comes two weeks after the Biden administration announced a $3 billion project off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts that would power 400,000 homes with 84 turbines. The 800-megawatt Vineyard Wind project would be the first utility-scale wind power development in federal waters.

Another proposed project, Ocean Wind, off New Jersey would create 1,100-megawatts of power.

Those wind farms would be dwarfed by the scale of the California projects.

The California wind farms would produce a combined 4.6 gigawatts, with the Morro Bay operation providing two-thirds of that output. Currently, wind turbines on mountain passes and in the deserts across the state can produce 5.5 gigawatts, according the California Wind Energy Association.

Unlike the East Coast wind farms where turbines are stationary, the California projects will employ a newer floating technology because the continental shelf drops off more quickly in the Pacific than in the Atlantic Ocean.

California set a goal to produce all electricity by 2045 through renewable energy resources and zero-carbon generating facilities.


DESTINATION: California Railroad Museum, Sacramento

You might assume the California Railroad Museum is geared toward avid “railfans,” the train buffs who can identify a vintage steam engine by its unique chugga-chugga.

But railroad history — the heritage, the culture, the fortunes — is so inextricably woven into the fabric of California that the sprawling complex in Old Sacramento is a warehouse of wonders for anyone even remotely interested in the state’s past, plus, yeah, really cool trains. Exhibits and brief documentary films explain the evolution of trains, as well as the stories of related places, progress and people, from Pullman-car porters to anything-but-altruistic railroad barons.

The museum’s strength is the multitude of locomotives — 19, dating from 1862 to 1944 — and rolling stock to explore, including the 1930s Santa Fe dining car that’s a stainless steel work of art. This summer will bring special events and exhibits to mark the 150th anniversary of the Transcontinental Railroad. 125 I Street.

ENVIRONS and EN ROUTE

If looking and learning aren’t enough, visitors can climb aboard the Sacramento Southern Railroad, a 45-minute ride along the Sacramento River levee on a passenger-car excursion train pulled by one of the museum’s vintage steam or diesel locomotives. Some cars are enclosed and some are open-sided plan accordingly for Sacramento heat. Trains run hourly from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. weekends through September 29 from the Central Pacific Railroad passenger station, just outside the California Railroad Museum.

While Sacramento’s burgeoning DOCO (Downtown Commons) area is still evolving, one of the standouts already is an outpost of hip Punch Bowl Social, a multitasking hangout at the Kimpton Sawyer Hotel that includes a casual, quirky restaurant, game room, bowling alley and several bars. (Watch out for the boozy milkshakes. Seriously.) 500 J Street.

The fabled Nut Tree restaurant, farms and air museum may be gone, but travelers can still get a taste of the beloved Vacaville roadside attraction that once drew 3 million visitors a year. In addition to the whimsical carousel and pint-size Nut Tree Railroad, the new Nut Tree next to Interstate 80 also offers more than 20 spots to grab a bite. East Monte Vista Avenue.

KPH transmitter site in Bolinas. Photo by Ron Poznansky.


3-7. Filing and Certification in Private Securities Actions

  1. (a) Civil Cover Sheet Notation Requirement. If a complaint or other pleading contains a claim governed by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Pub. L. No. 104-67, 109 Stat. 737 (1995), the following must be so noted in Block VI of the civil cover sheet: “Private Securities Litigation Reform Act.”

Cross Reference

See Civil L.R. 23-1 “Private Securities Actions.”

    (b) Certification by Filing Party Seeking to Serve as Lead Plaintiff. Any person or group of persons filing a complaint and seeking to serve as lead plaintiff in a civil action containing a claim governed by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Pub. L. No. 104-67, 109 Stat. 737 (1995), must serve and file with the initial pleading a certificate under penalty of perjury which contains the following averments:

  1. (1) The party has reviewed the complaint and authorized its filing
  2. (2) The party did not engage in transactions in the securities which are the subject of the action at the direction of plaintiff’s counsel or in order to participate in this or any other litigation under the securities laws of the United States
  3. (3) The party is willing to serve as a representative party on behalf of a class, including providing testimony at deposition and trial, if necessary
  4. (4) The party has made no transactions during the class period in the debt or equity securities that are the subject of the action except those set forth in the certificate (as used herein, “equity security” shall have the same meaning as that term has for purposes of section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78p(a))
  5. (5) The party has not, within the three years preceding the date of the certification, sought to serve or served as a representative party on behalf of a class in an action involving alleged violations of the federal securities laws, except as set forth in the certificate and
  6. (6) The party will not accept any payment for serving as representative on behalf of a class beyond the party’s pro rata share of any recovery, unless ordered or approved by the Court pursuant to section 27(a)(4) of the Securities Act, 15 U.S.C. § 77z-1(a)(4), or section 21D(a)(4) of the Securities Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. § 78u-4(a)(4).
  1. (1) Adopts its allegations or, if not,
  2. (2) Specifies the allegations the party intends to assert.
  1. (1) Affirms that the lawyer does not directly own or otherwise have a beneficial interest in securities that are the subject of the action or
  2. (2) Sets forth with specificity the extent of any such ownership or interest and explains why that ownership or interest does not constitute a conflict of interest sufficient to disqualify the attorney from representing the class.

Cross Reference

See also Civil L.R. 23 “Class Actions.”


2 Data and Methodology

2.1 Continuous GPS Displacement Time Series

We use a reanalysis by SOPAC of the cGPS-derived daily displacement time series as part of a project to define a new geodetic datum for California. A comprehensive description, including full details of the GPS analysis, is provided in the project report by Bock et al. ( 2018 http://sopac-csrc.ucsd.edu/index.php/epoch2017/). We summarize the salient points in this section. The analysis was performed with the GAMIT/GLOBK software (http://www-gpsg.mit.edu/

simon/gtgk/ Herring et al., 2008 ) in the International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Service (IGS) (Johnston et al., 2017 ) realization of the ITRF2014 (Altamimi et al., 2017 ). The process included a back-filling of missing data, validation of relevant metadata, identification of instrumental offsets, and rigorous quality control for the individual displacement time series through an administrator web interface. We selected all stations located in California and Nevada (within the region 125/114°W and 42/32°N purple triangles in Figure 1), representing a data set of about 1,000 stations between 1999 and 2018.6.

(1) (2) (3)

The exponential model has been associated with viscoelastic relaxation in the upper mantle and applied, for example, to the 1992 Mw7.3 Landers, California earthquake (Shen et al., 1994 ), while the logarithmic model has often been used to represent afterslip and was applied to, for example, the 2004 Mw6.0 Parkfield, California earthquake (Freed, 2007 ). For each earthquake, a single decay parameter τ was estimated for all affected stations using a principal component analysis (Dong et al., 2006 ) the parameterization was chosen as the best fit model for the eight earthquakes in the period 1999–2018 that exhibited significant postseismic motion (Table 1). An example in Figure 3 shows the time series of station LOWS near Parkfield, California, its parametric model and estimated parameters.

The root mean square values of the daily displacement components provide a good indication of the precision of a single 24-hr displacement. Typically, the root mean square values are on the order of 1 mm in the horizontal components and 3–5 mm in the vertical (Figure 3). Still there are exceptions due to nontectonic signals that reflect real motions of interest, such as anthropogenic, natural (drought), and magmatic deformation (Figure 2). The uncertainties in the estimated velocity parameters are scaled to account for colored noise observed in the displacement time series according to the approximate expression of Williams ( 2003 ). The north and east (1-σ) uncertainties range from 0.03 to 0.1 mm/year for nearly all of the stations (Figure 3) and as high as 0.3 mm/year for stations with the largest anthropogenic vertical motions that bleed into the horizontal (e.g., CRCN and LEMA—Figure 2). This is consistent with other studies that quote as low as 0.03 mm/year (Zeng & Shen, 2017 ). The typical vertical uncertainty is 0.1–0.3 mm/year and up to 10 mm/year for the stations in the Central Valley with slope variations (Figure 2 section 3.3). The estimated displacement time series parameters and their uncertainties (equations 1 and 2) can be found in the individual station file headers at ftp://garner.ucsd.edu/pub/projects/CalTrans_repro/extended_tarfile/, including the raw time series and the cleaned (outliers removed) detrended time series.

To create the data set used in our study, we corrected the SOPAC raw displacement time series (with outliers removed) for the nuisance, nontectonic offset artifacts estimated from the modeled daily displacement time series (equations 1 and 2) and reinjected the estimated coseismic offsets in order to construct a time series that reflect true ground displacements. Besides being of intrinsic interest, all real motions must be considered in maintaining a kinematic datum. We eliminated from the SOPAC data set about 100 stations with less than a total of 3 years of recorded data, large data gaps, or otherwise anomalous behavior (Table S1 in the supporting information lists the excluded stations).

Considering that we do not require a temporal resolution as fine as 1 day for the objectives of this study, the daily displacement time series are down sampled to weekly displacements, using a time domain median filter for each component, horizontals and vertical (GMT5 function filter1d).

2.2 Residual Displacements—3-D Kinematic Data

Our objective is to derive a kinematic displacement map for the study region by interpolating the weekly displacement time series, to achieve the desired temporal sampling. However, the

10- to 40-km cGPS spacing does not achieve the spatial resolution in areas of high-velocity gradient (across locked faults). Therefore, we adopt the horizontal secular slip model of ZS2017 that incorporates the community database of known faults in the region (Field et al., 2014 Plesch et al., 2007 ). Figure 4 shows the accumulated displacement “residuals,” that is, the total observed displacements minus the ZS2017-predicted surface velocities times the total time span of each station since 2010 when the network was essentially complete. The reader is encouraged to view Movies S1–S15a, as they are referred to in the text. The residuals identify the transient motions that are not accounted for in the ZS2017 secular model, mainly postseismic deformation associated with the major earthquakes, for example, the 2010 Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in northern Baja California, Mexico that displaced all stations in southern California (Table 1). Figure 4 also displays magmatic-induced horizontal motions, for example, at Long Valley Caldera (Figure 1) discrepancies in steady state motion with the ZS2017 model, for example, in Cascadia and the bleeding effects of subsidence, for example, in the Central Valley (Figure 2b). The ZS2017 model only predicts horizontal motion. The observed vertical displacements are not compared to a physical model because of the irregular nature of vertical motions, which makes it more challenging to maintain a 3-D kinematic datum. For example, in the Central Valley there are changes in subsidence rates due to drought conditions in 2012–2017 (Figure 2). The accumulated gridded vertical displacements from 1999–2018.6 are shown in Figure 5. A model was recently published for the Western United States (Snay et al., 2018 ), but the irregularity of vertical deformation is such that we prefer to directly use the observed displacements.


Watch the video: California Geology